75 See Chapter One of the present work.
76 See al Razi, Manaqib al Shafi'i, p. 98 ff, and al Nashshar, op. cit., p.55.
77 Al Imam al Shafi'i's "new" Fiqh is the name given to his legal work after he had settled in Egypt. Essentially, this represents his mature thinking following the long period of his study under both the Maliki and the Hanafi schools of legal thought. (Ed.)
78 See Mustafa Abd al Razzaq, al Imam al Shafi'i, p. 45.
79 See al Dahlawi, Al Insaf and Abu Zahrah, Abu Hanifah, p. 223.
80 See Tarikh Baghdad!, Vol. XXXI, p. 368, al Intiqa' p. 142, and Mashayikh Balkh al Hanafiyah, p. 190.
81 See al Samarqandi, Mizan al Usul, I, 52; Taqi al Din al Ghazzi, al Tabaqat al Saniyah I, 43; and Mashayikh Balkh, p. 193.
83 See Muhammad Yusuf Musa, Tharikh al Fiqh, p. 160.
84 See al Khawarizmi, Mafatih al 'Ulum, Vols. VI, VIII; and Ibn Khaldun, Al Muqaddimah, III, 1125-1128, 1161-1166.
85 See Miftah al Sa'adah.
86 See al Ghazzali, al Mustasfa, Vol.I, p. 3, and al Mankhul; also Shifa' al Ghalil fi Bayan al Shibh Wa al Makhil, Masalih al Ta'lil, and Tahdhib al Usul, all of which are important Usuli books.
87 A well-known Saying attributed to the Khalifah, 'Umar ibn al Khattab.