SUNNAHS OF `EIDU 'L-FITR


Sayyidina Ibn Abbas says in a lengthy hadith, that he heard God's Messenger say:

And the night of Eid-ul-Fitr, the night that is called Laylatul Jaa'izah, (The night of prize giving), comes along. On the morning of Eid Allah sends down the angels to all the lands of the earth where they take their positions at access points of roads, calling out with a voice that is heard by all except man and jinn. "O Ummah of Muhammad   come forth from your houses towards a Lord that is noble and gracious, who grants much and pardons the major sins". When they proceed towards the places for their Eid salaat, Allah says to the angels: "What indeed is the reward of that employee who had rendered his services?"

The angels reply, "O Lord and Master, it is only right that he should receive his reward in full for his services". Allah then says, "I call you to witness, O My angels, that for their having fasted during the month of Ramadan, and for their having stood before Me in prayer by night, I have granted to them as reward My pleasure and have granted them forgiveness. O My servants ask now of Me, for I swear by My Honor and My Greatness, that whatsoever you shall beg of Me this day in this assembly of yours for the needs of the Hereafter, I shall grant you; and whatsoever you shall ask for worldly needs, I shall look at you favorably. By My Honor I swear, as long as you shall obey My commands, I shall cover your faults. By My Honor and My Greatness do I swear that I shall never disgrace you among the evil-doing ones and non-believers. Depart now from here, you are forgiven. You have pleased Me and I am pleased with you."

The angels on seeing this great reward bestowed by Allah upon the Ummah of Muhammad on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr become greatly pleased and happy".1


SUNNATS OF `EID
The following acts are prescribed as Sunnah at the beginning of the day of 'Eid-ul-Fitr before proceeding to the `Eid prayer:

1. To wake up early in the morning.

2. To clean one's teeth with a miswak.

3. To take a bath (ghusl).

4. To put on one's best available clothes; ensuring that it conforms with Shari`ah.

5. To wear perfume (`itr).

6. To eat a sweet food, preferably dates, before departing for Eid Salaat. It was the noble habit of Allah's Apostle , not to go out in the morning on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr until he ate some dates, and he would eat an odd number. (Bukhari)

7. To go to the Musallah (Eid Area) as early as possible.

8. To give 'Sadaqatul Fitr' before leaving for the Eid Area.

9. To perform Eid Salaat on the Musallah (Eid Area) rather than the Masjid. There is no harm for aged and the sick to perform their Eid Salaat in the Masjid.

10. To choose a separate route when returning from the Eid Area.

11. To walk to the Eid Area. However, there is no harm in using any means of conveyance if the Eid Musallah is a distance away.

12. To recite the following Takbir in the low voice while going to the Eid prayer: "Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar La Ilaha Ila Allah Wa Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Wa Lillahi 'l-Hamd." Additionally, it is traditional in Muslim countries to recite salawat, such Allahuma salli `ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa `ala aali Sayyidina Muhammad... [see http://www.sunnah.org/ibadaat/fasting/takbeeraat_al_eid.pdf]

13. Offering congratulations: The etiquette of Eid also includes the congratulations and good wishes exchanged by people, no matter what the wording, such as saying to one another "Taqabbala Allah minna wa minkum (May Allah accept (good deeds) from us and from you" or "Eid Mubarak." and other permissible expressions of congratulations. Offering congratulations was something that was well known among the Sahabah, and scholars such as Imam Ahmad and others allowed it. There is evidence which suggests that it is prescribed to offer congratulations and good wishes on special occasions, and that the Sahabah congratulated one another when good things happened, such as when Allah accepted the repentance of a man, they went and congratulated him for that, and so on. Undoubtedly these congratulations are among the noble characteristics among the Muslims.

1. Targheeb, also a similar hadith reported by Anas in Bayhaqi)

Thanks: Jamaludeen Khan