يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

"O who believe, fasting is decreed for you as it was decreed for those before you; perchance you will guard yourselves. (2:183)

 

Questions Regarding the Intention for Fasting

from the Hanafi Fiqh List
 

Fasting: Makeups for no Niyya?
Answered by Sidi Faraz Rabbani

If a person didn't know to make niyya for their fasts, do they need to make it up?

The intention for fasting is very simple: it is to know in your heart that you will fast that day. It is valid to have this intention any time from maghrib the night before up to the Islamic midday of the actual day of fasting. [The Islamic midday is half way between the beginning of fajr and maghrib time.]


Fasting: I didn't know I had to intend. Now what?

Answered by Sidi Faraz Rabbani

Historically, I did not know that I needed an intention for a Ramadan fast. I did not know if I made an intention for each fast that I did. I think I knew it was fard. Can I assume that an intention was made for each fast? If not, can I just do one substitute fast for each one that I think I missed?



1. It is normally inconceivable that one would fast without having an intention, in the Hanafi school, as explained below:

2. The intention for fasting is very simple:

It is to know in your heart that you will fast that day. [al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya, quoting al-Khulasa]

It is valid to have this intention any time from maghrib the night before up to the Islamic midday of the actual day of fasting, for current Ramadan fasts and voluntary fasts. [The Islamic midday is half way between the beginning of fajr and maghrib time.] [al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya]

So even in the exceptional case when one did not have the determination to fast the next day at night, it would be sufficient if one had it after fajr before midday.

It is even explained that the very intention to get up for the pre-dawn meal (suhur) is an effective intention to fast. [Mentioned by Abu Bakr al-Haddadi in his Jawhara al-Nayyira, quoting Najm al-Din al-Nasafi, and in al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya; and by Ibn Abidin in Radd al-Muhtar, quoting al-Dhahiriyya via Ibn Nujaym’s al-Bahr al-Ra’iq]