Istighatha by Means of the Prophet During His Life



 

[Istighatha = Using Intermediaries And Intercessors]
 

Dr. GF Haddad

It is related that:

One night, the Prophet of Allah - may Allah bless him and grant him peace - was in his house and was heard to proclaim `I am here!' three times and `You have been granted help' also three times. Umm al- Mu'minin, Maymunah - may Allah be well pleased with her - asked the Prophet - may Allah bless him and grant him peace - whom he had been talking to since there was no one present. He - may Allah bless him and grant him peace - replied, `I was talking to a person called Rajiz from the tribe of Bani Ka'ab. He asked for help from me against the Quraysh.' Umm al- Mu'minin, Maymunah - may Allah be well pleased with her - said that when she finished Fajr prayer the next morning, she heard Rajiz calling out in the streets of Madina: "Ya Rasul Allah! Help us and call the servants of Allah to help us."

Shaykh Yusuf al-Nabhani, Allah have mercy on him, cites two hadiths in this respect with their full wording in the chapter of the Prophet's `ilm al-ghayb in his encyclopedia of the Prophetic miracles, Hujjat Allah `ala al-Alamin bi-Mu`jizat Sayyid al-Mursalin (p. 493):

<<Al-T.abarn narrates that Maymna the Mother of the believers said: "The Messenger of Allh, upon him blessings and peace, was sleeping with me one night and he got up to make ablution and pray. I heard him say during his ablution in the dead of night:

"Labbayka labbayka labbayka"

[like this,] three times then:

"nus.irta nus.irta nus.irta"

[like this,] three times. When he came out, I asked him, "Messenger of Allh, I heard you say, during your ablution, 'In your service!' three times, and 'To your defense!' three times, as if you were addressing someone. Was there someone with you?" He replied: "This was the poetry champion (rjiz) of the Ban Ka`b" one of the sub-tribes of the Khuz`a "invoking my aid (yastas.rikhun)(1) and asserting that the Quraysh had helped the Ban Bakr against them." The latter had allied themselves with the Quraysh the day of the H.udaybiya truce while the Khuz`a had allied themselves with the Prophet, upon him blessings and peace, and he became duty-bound to defend them. The support of the Quraysh for the Ban Bakr against the Khuz`a was therefore a violation of their truce with the Messenger of Allh, upon him blessings and peace. This incident was the catalyst for the conquest of Makka and, immediately afterwards, he prepared himself to enter it and conquered it.(2)

<<Ibn Ish.q said as found in Ibn Hishm's Sra that when the Ban Bakr and the Quraysh defeated the Khuz`a and looted them, violating the terms of the solemn pact to which they had agreed with the Messenger of Allh, upon him blessings and peace, by warring with the Khuz`a, his formal allies, `Amr ibn Slim al-Khuz`, one of the Ban Ka`b there, rode out until he came to see the Messenger of Allh, upon him blessings and peace, in al-Madna. His coming gave the impetus for the conquest of Makka.(3) He stood before the Prophet, upon him blessings and peace, as the latter sat in the Mosque, in full sight of the people, and declaimed:



Lord! I am appealing to Muh.ammad
by the time-honored pact of both our fathers.
(4)

You(5) were a father and we a son;
then we entered Islm and remained loyal.

Help us, and may Allh help you always!
Summon His servants, they shall come in arms,

Among them, the Prophet, mobilized--
if he is wronged, his face glowers.

In his legion he marches, a sea, foaming.
Quraysh broke its treaty with you!

They violated the truce they pledged you,
made me as good as dead and buried!(
6)

They claimed I could not call on anyone
although they are meaner and less by far!

They snared us at Watr during our vigils
and slew us as we bowed and prostrated.
(7)


<<The Prophet, upon him blessings and peace, said: "In your defense, `Amr ibn Slim!" Then the Prophet, upon him blessings and peace, glimpsed a cloud in the sky and said: "Truly, this cloud is initiating the victory of the Ban Ka`b." Then he geared himself for the conquest of Makka and conquered it.(8)>>

NOTES

(1) Ibn H.ajar in al-Is.ba (4:631) mentions another wording, "invoking my mercy (yastarh.imun)."

(2) Narrated from Maymna by al-T.abarn in the Kabr (23:433-434 1052) and S.aghr (2:167-169 968) and al-Taym in his Dal'il (p. 73-74 59), both with a slightly weak chain because of Yah.y ibn Sulaymn ibn Nad.la al-Madn cf. al-Haytham (6:163-164) although Ibn `Ad in al-Kmil (7:255 2156) said "he narrated reports from Mlik and the Madinans, most of which are valid." Ibn H.ibbn included him in his Thiqt (9:269). Cf. Is.ba (4:631), Fath. (7:520), Sra H.alabiyya (3:5), and Dah.ln's Sra (2:76-77).

(3) Cf. Ibn `Umar's narration in Ibn H.ibbn (13:140 5996) and Ibn H. ajar, Talkhs. al-H.abr (4:131 1929).

(4) Allhumma inn nshidu Muh.ammad / h.ilfa abn wa'abhi al- atlad.

(5) I.e. the Ban Hshim and Ban `Abd al-Mut.t.alib with a rhetorical trope of apostrope (iltift).

(6) Wa-ja`al l f kad'in ras.ad, misspelt in al-Nabhn as wa- ja`al l fka d'in ras.ad.

(7) Ibn `Askir (43:519) narrated from Ibn al-Musayyab: "There is not one homebound woman of Ban Khuz`a except she memorized the verses of `Amr ibn Slim al-Khuz` to the Messenger of Allh, upon him blessings and peace."

(8) Narrated
(i) through al-Zuhr from `Urwa ibn al-Zubayr from the Companion al-Miswar ibn Makhrama and the Tbi` Marwn ibn al-H.akam by Ibn Ish.q in the Maghz (cf. Ibn Hishm 5:48, al-T.ah.w, Sharh. Ma`n al-Athr 3:315-316, Is.ba 4:630-631, and Bidya 4:278), al-T. abar in his Trkh (2:152-153), Ibn `Askir in his Trkh (43:519- 520), and al-Bayhaq in the Sunan al-Kubr (9:233) and Dal'il;
(ii) from Ibn `Abbs by Ibn Mandah and Ab Nu`aym in Ma`rifat al-S.ah.ba as well as Ibn al-Athr in Usd al-Ghba (4:225-226 cf. Is.ba 5:285);
(iii) from Ab Hurayra by al-Bazzr and al-Bayhaq (cf. Bidya 4:281) with a fair chain according to Ibn H.ajar in the Fath. (7:520) and al- Haytham (6:162);
(iv) from the Tbi`n Ab Salama and Yah.y ibn `Abd al-Rah.mn ibn H.t.ib by Ibn Ab Shayba (7:398 36900) and
(v) also mursal from `Ikrima by Ibn Ab Shayba (7:400-401 36902) and al-T.ah. w in Sharh. Ma`n al-Athr (3:291, 3 :312-313). The bracketed segment is narrated only through al-Zuhr. Cf. Iktif' (2:215); al- Fkih, Akhbr Makka (5:103); Ist`b (3:1175-1176); Ibn al-Qayyim, Zd (3:348-349); Sra H.alabiyya (3:5-6); Ibn Taymiyya, al-S.rim al- Masll (2:214); Is.ba (1:122), Fath. (7:519-520), Talkhs. al-H.abr (4:131-132 1929), Ibn al-Athr, Kmil (2:162), al-Suhayl, Rawd. (2: 265), and Kanz (14422, 30166, 30195, 30204). Al-Watr or Watn is a Khuz`a watering-point in the lowest area of Makka cf. Yqt and al- Nihya. Ibn Ish.q and al-Wqid said that `Amr was accompanied by forty riders of the Ban Khuz`a when he arrived in Madna. Another report by al-Brd with a weak munqat.i` chain attributes those verses to Budayl ibn Kulthm ibn Slim al-Khuz` cf. Is.ba (1:274).

Blessings and peace on the Prophet, his Family, and all his Companions.

Was-Salam,
gibril