ir-Rahman ir-Raheem was-salaat was-salaam `ala Nabiyyina wa Habeebina wa
Mawlana Muhammadin wa `ala alihi wa sahibihi ajma`een
is one of the meritorious months for which we find particular instructions
in the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (s). It is reported in authentic ahadith
that Prophet Muhammad (s), used to fast most of the month in Sha`ban. These
fasts are supererogatory (nafl)
and well deserving of reward, for Sha`ban is the month immediately preceding
the month of Ramadan. The Prophet mentioned in a hadith, "Rajab is the
month of Allah, Sha`ban is my month and Ramadan is the month of the Nation".
blessed companion Anas (r), reports that Prophet Muhammad (s), was asked,
"Which fast is the most meritorious after the fasts of Ramadan?"
He replied, "Fasts of Sha`ban in honor of Ramadan."
blessed companion Usama ibn Zaid (r), reports that he asked Prophet Muhammad
(s): "Messenger of Allah, I have seen you fasting in the month of Sha`ban
so frequently that I have never seen you fasting in any other month."
Prophet Muhammad (s), replied: "That (Sha`ban) is a month between Rajab
and Ramadan which is neglected by many people. And it is a month in which
an account of the deeds (of human beings) is presented before the Lord of
the universe, so, I wish that my deeds be presented at a time when I am in
a state of fasting."
Mu'mineen `Aishah (r), says, "Prophet Muhammad (s), used to fast the
whole of Sha`ban. I said to him, 'Messenger of Allah, is Sha`ban your favorite
month for fasting?' He said, 'In this month Allah prescribes the list of the
persons dying this year. Therefore, I like that my death comes when I am in
a state of fasting.’"
another Tradition she says, "Prophet Muhammad (s), would sometimes begin
to fast continuously until we thought he would not stop fasting, and sometimes
he used to stop fasting until we thought he would never fast. I never saw
the Messenger of Allah (s) fasting a complete month, except the month of Ramadan,
and I have never seen him fasting in a month more frequently than he did in
another report she says, "I never saw the Messenger of Allah, (s), fasting
in a month so profusely as he did in the month of Sha`ban. He used to fast
in that month leaving only a few days, rather, he used to fast almost the
whole of the month."
Umm Salamah (r), says: "I have never seen the Messenger of Allah fasting
for two months continuously except in the months of Sha`ban and Ramadan."
reports indicate that fasting in the month of Sha`ban, though not obligatory,
is so meritorious that Prophet Muhammad (s) did not like to miss it.
significant feature of the month of Sha`ban is that it consists of a night
which is termed in Shari`ah as "Laylatul-bara`ah" (The night
of freedom from Fire). This is the night occurring between 14th and 15th day
of Sha`ban. Traditions of Prophet Muhammad (s), prove that it is a meritorious
night in which the people of the earth are attended by special Divine mercy.
We will be posting much more about this blessed night shortly.
What should be done
in this night?
Holy Night of 15th Shaban, after Maghrib or Isha prayer it is traditional
practice to read Surah Yasin three times, and after each time, read a special
du`a with the following intentions:
reading the niyyat (intention) for should be for Long Life.
2nd reading the niyyat (intention) should be for Protection from Calamities.
3rd Reading the niyyat (intention) should be for not being needy to
anyone except Allah.
very necessary that just as others observe this night, you observe it. To
make an invitation to feed people on that night, to remember Allah (swt) and
to remember His Prophet (s), and to fast its day and pray its night, will
be rewarded for that night and for whoever observes it.
to observe the Night of Bara`ah, one should remain awakened in this night as much as he can.
If someone has better opportunities, he should spend the whole night in worship
and prayer. However, if one cannot do so for one reason or another, he can
select a considerable portion of the night, preferably of the second half
of it for this purpose, and should perform the following acts of worship:
It is good to spend that night praying Salat
ul-Khair, which conists of 100 raka`ts, in each raka`t reciting Sura
al-Fatiha and 10 Surat Ikhlas. To complete the prayer one recites 1000 Sura
Night of Bara`ah is a night in which special blessings are directed
towards the Muslims. Therefore, this night should be spent in total submission
to Allah Almighty, and one should refrain from all those activities which
may displease Allah.
day immediately following the Night of Bara`ah, i.e. the 15th of Sha`ban, it is
mustahabb (advisable) to keep fast.
Prophet Muhammad (s), is reported to have recommended this fast emphatically.
A large number of the predecessors (salaf) of the Ummah have been observing
the fast of the 15th of Sha`ban.
it is advisable to fast the 15th of Sha`ban as an optional (nafl)
fast. One can also keep a fast of qada on this day and it is hoped
that he can also benefit from the merits of this fast.