Muawiyah and Abusing Imam Ali (AS) wrote in message <7imtfs$m31$>...

>It is the well-known fact in the history that Muawiyah fought Imam Ali

It is also a well-known fact also that `Ali's son, al-Husayn -- Allah be well-pleased with both of them -- accepted reconciliation with Mu`awiya and gave him his pledge (bay`a) as narrated by al-Bukhari in his Sahih.

The rightly-guided caliph, `Umar ibn `Abd al-`Aziz said: "Those from whose blood Allah has kept our hands exempt, we shall not soil with it our tongues."

The Prophet said -- Allah bless and greet him: "None of you should come to me with anything (negative) about any of my Companions for I do not want to go out to you except with a clear heart."

Narrated by Abu Dawud, al-Tirmidhi, and Ahmad. This is one of the hadiths that those who mumble about the Fitna hate to hear. I heard from my shaykh the following rule: When lions fight, street dogs keep quiet.

>Sahih Muslim: > > Narrated Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqqas: > > Muawiyah, the son of Abu Sufyan, give order to Sa'd, and told him: > "What prevents you that you are refraining from cursing Abu Turab > (nickname of Ali)?" Sa'd replied: "Don't you remember that the >Prophet > said three things about (the virtue of) Ali? So I will never curse > Ali."

Your "Sunni references" are always half-true because you never mention the Sunni understanding for them.

Imam al-Nawawi said: "The ulamas said: Any hadith that appear to refer to intra-Sahaba enmity is interpreted figuratively. In this hadith there is nothing that states that Mu`awiya actually ordered Sa`d to curse `Ali, but he only asked him for the reason why he refrained from cursing him: was it Godwariness? in which case, well done; or fear? etc. It may be that Sa`d was observed among a group that cursed `Ali, but he himself abstained from it although unable to reprimand them, then they were subsequently reprimanded, and Mu`awiya asked him this question. Another possible interpretation is: What prevented you from proving `Ali wrong in his opinion and ijtihad, and tell people the rightness and correctness of our position and ijtihad?"

>Below is more references in Sahih Muslim about Sunnah cursing Imam Ali >(AS), to prove that people were urged/forced to curse Ali in public, >otherwise they would face a costly sentence. It is narrated on the >authority of Abu Hazim that: > > The Governor of Medina who was one of the members of the house of > Marwan called Sahl Ibn Sa'd, and ordered him to curse Ali. But >Sahl > refused to do so. The governor said: "If you don't want to curse >Ali, > just say God curse Abu Turab (the nickname of Ali)." Sahl said: >"Ali > did not like any name for himself better than Abu Turab, and Ali >used > to become very happy when somebody would call him Abu Turab." > >Sunni reference: Sahih Muslim, Chapter of Virtues of Companions, Section

The one who gave that order is not a Companion of the Prophet -- Allah bless and greet him -- nor what you call "Sunnah cursing Imam Ali" but a member of a fitna group about whom Abu Hurayra said: "By the One in Whose hand is my soul, there will soon come a time upon people when the flock of sheep will be dearer to its owner than all the house of Marwan." Imam Malik narrates it in al-Muwatta'. There are several other statements by Abu Hurayra -- Allah be well-pleased with him -- to that effect, which I will elaborate upon in the forthcoming series on him insha Allah.

GF Haddad