Issue Date: Rajab 1417/November 1996
About Destruction of the Kaaba
regarding Destruction of the Kaaba
To the Editor,
As-salaam un alikum.
First of all, the author of this note needs to be corrected. The Holy Ka'aba was NOT built by Prophet Muhammad (SAW), but rather, it was built by Prophet Ebrahim A.S.
Secondly, the author mentioned that Muslim countries are outraged at the demolition of the walls of the holiest site of Islam. Could you be kind enough to ask the Embassies of these Muslim countries to confirm your statement.
Thirdly, I have been organizing Hajj & Umra trips since 1983 and take pilgrims to perform Umra and Hajj, hence I have made many friends in Medina, Makkah, and Jeddah. After reading your articles, I have personally contacted four persons, one in Madina, one in Makkah and two in Jeddah, and they all have confirmed to me that what you have said is totally untrue. Besides, last week, my wife, grandson, and myself returned from performing Umra and we were at the Ka'aba. Yes, it is true that plywood wall has been erected around the Ka'aba. except for Hajrul Aswad, and approx. 3x4 feet of wall on both sides of Hajrul Aswad so that the pilgrims can touch and kiss Harjul Aswad.
The artifical walls had to be erected for the safety of the pilgrims as they are repairing the roof and reinforcing some portions of the foundation. I, myself, have talked to the people working inside and they told me that the roof needed repairs, so some concrete pillars have been erected inside the Ka'aba to support the roof. Over 95% of the work has already been completed and Inshallah, it is matter of days when the artificial walls will be removed and again, the magnificent Ka'aba will majestically stand in the centre of Masjid-ul-Haram in front of millions of pilgrims who will be visiting during Umra and Hajj.
Mahmud J. Habib
salaam alaykum wa rahmatullah.
We stand by our story, based on very reliable sources within al-Hijaz. Despite the claims made by the Saudis, what is being done secretly is not something to be taken lightly. Don't think the Kaaba will be the same once they remove the "wraps".
To the Editor,
Date: Mon, 11 Nov 1996 09:20:20 -0800
On 5 Nov 96, received an e-mail re:"Treasure of the Kaaba." I came across this related quote that may be helpful from pages 215-8 of the recent first volume of TAFSIR IBN KATHIR, abridged by Sheikh Muhammad Nasib ar-Rifa'i, published by al-Firdous Ltd. London 1996:
Quraysh's Construction of the House (Ka'bah) After Abraham (as) and Before the Rise of Muhammad (saws)
Five years before the appointment of Muhammad (saws) as the final Prophet, the Quraysh unanimously agreed to demolish the House and rebuild it to make it stronger. They agreed among themselves that the money spent towards its re-construction should come from lawful means only and that they would prohibit taking a prostitute's dowry for it or dealing in usury for it, or money taken from someone unjustly. Up to that point, the House had been divided into several partitions belonging to the different tribes of the Quraysh. Each group had its own space or corner.
All members of the Quraysh dreaded demolishing the House and so they avoided it. Al-Walid Ibn al-Mughira offered to begin the task and he lifted the axe saying: "Lord! we only mean well." He then started to demolish one corner of the House. The people watched him awaiting some misfortune to happen to him. They had all agreed that if anything happened to him they would cease the demolition and would repair the damage as if nothing had happened. However, they all agreed that if nothing happened it would mean that Allah was pleased with the act. As nothing happened, al-Walid and the rest of the Quraysh continued demolishing the House until they reached Abraham's foundation. The foundation was of green stones like intertwined arrowheads.
Muhammad Ibn Ishaq narrated from a hadith narrator that a man of Quraysh who participated in the demolition inserted a lever between two stones because he wanted to lift one of them. When the stone moved, the whole of Makkah shook. The people then decided not to dig further than where the foundation was
Everyone participated in carrying the stones and in constructing the House, until they came to the Black Stone. They argued and debated as to which tribe was to have the honour of lifting it and putting it in its place. Fighting was prevented by Abu Umayyah Ibn al-Mughirah al-Makhzumi who said:"O' People of Quraysh! Let the first man to enter the gate of the mosque be your judge." They agreed. The first to enter was Muhammad (saws). They said: "Here comes the trustworthy one (Al-Amin in Arabic) whom we take as our judge." They consulted Muhammad (saws), and he said: "Bring me a cloak." When they brought him the cloak he placed the Black Stone on it and said: "Let the elders of each tribe hold on to one edge of the cloak and raise it (to the position of the stone)." They did so and the Prophet (saws) placed the stone in its place.
The Ka'bah remained as such until it burnt down at the beginning of 'Abdullah Ibn az-Zubayr's reign in the year 60 AH, and at the end of Yazid Ibn Mu'awiya's rule, when Ibn Az-Zubayr was besieged and he demolished the Ka'bah and rebuilt it on top of Abraham's foundations. He realigned its northern wall by five arm lengths and added an eastern and a western entrance at floor level. He did this because he had heard this from his aunt 'Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), Mother of the Believers, who quoted the Prophet (saws). The Ka'bah remained in this state until he was killed by al-Hajjaj who restored it to its previous form on the orders of 'Abd al-Malik Ibn Marwan. This was narrated by Muslim in his Sahih on the authority of 'Ata.
The Sunnah supported the act of 'Abdullah Ibn Az-Zubayr because that was what the Prophet (saws) had wanted (as is apparent form the Hadith of 'Aisha). This Sunnah was unknown to 'Abdul Malik Ibn Marwan, and when he realisd that 'Aisha quoted the Prophet (saws) regarding this story, he wished he had not issued such an order.
Muslim narrated in his Sahih from Abu Qaza'ah that when 'Abdul Malik Ibn Marwan was circumambulating the House, he cursed Ibn Az-Zubayr thinking that he had lied about what 'Aisha had said. He said that he heard her saying that the Prophet (saws) had told her: "O' 'Aisha! Were it not for the fact that your people have recently accepted Islam (still fresh from unbelief), I would have demolished the Ka'bah and included in it a portion of al-Hijr. Your people have curtailed its building."1 Al-Harith Ibn 'Abdullah Ibn Abu Rabi'a said: "O Leader of the Believers (that is 'Aisha) say this" Ibn Marwan said that if he had heard this Hadith before he ordered the demolition of the House, he would have left it as Ibn Az-Zubayr had built it. This Hadith is valid because it was narrated in several versions, all of which are authentic. This confirmed that what Ibn Az-Zubayr did was right. Left untouched it would have been a good structure. Malik Ibn Anas prohibited ar-Rashid, or maybe ar-Rashid's father al-Mahdi, from the demolition of the House so as to return it to Abraham's foundations and to prevent this becoming a habit of later leaders, to demolish it whenever they wanted.
The Ka'bah will retain its present structure until it is destroyed by "Dhus-Suwayqatayn" from Ethiopia as mentioned in Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (ra) who said the Prophet (saws) said: "The Ka'bah will be destroyed by Dhus-Suawayqatayn (that is literally, a man with two lean legs".2 There is also another narration on the authority of 'Abdullah Ibn 'Amr Ibn al-'As (ra) who said: "I heard the Prophet (saws) : 'A man from Ethiopia with two lean legs will destroy the Ka'bah, take away its treasures and remove its covers. As if I were looking at him, he is a bald man with crooked arms and legs who is attacking the Ka'bah with his iron shovel and pickaxe."3 this will occur after the appearance of "Ya'juj and Ma'juj" (Gog and Magog) as mentioned in Sahih al-Bukhari quoting Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (ra) that the Prophet (saws) said: "the people will continue performing Hajj and Umrah even after the appearance of Gog and Magog".4
1 Sahih (al-Bukhari 1/44, 491, 3/197, 4/412; Muslim 4/99-100; at-Tirmidhi 1/66 and Ibn Majah,2955. See al-Albani's As-Sahihah 1/43). 2 Sahih 3 Sahih (al-Bukhari and Muslim. See al-Mishkat, no. 2721) 4 Sahih
[-- End Quote]
Just one note:
As for the conclusions of Shaykh ar-Rufai above, they do not preclude the demolition of the Ka`aba's walls, as mentioned in the athar:
Ibn `Umar said: "When you see the Quraysh demolish the House then build it up and embellish it, then if you can die, die." (I.e. death will be preferable to life in such a time of corruption.) It is related in Kanz al-`ummal #31417.
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