by Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani
He is the Master of the Messengers, the Seal of the Prophets, the Intercessor of sinners, the friend of the strangers, the Mercy for the Worlds, the grandfather of al-Hasan and al-Husayn, Our patron and the patron of Humans and Jinn: Abu al-Qasim Muhammad son of ‘Abd Allah, a light from the light of Allah. O you who yearn for the light of his beauty, send blessings and utmost greetings of peace upon him and upon his family and his Companions.
Evidence from Quran al-Karim
In absolute terms intercession belongs to God alone:
39:43-44: "Or choose they intercessors other than Allah? Say: What! Even though they have power over nothing and have no intelligence? Say: the intercession belongs to God."
The right of intercession is actually permitted to whom Allah allows and then is only by His permission:
2:255: "Who should intercede with Him, except by His permission?"
10:4: "There is no intercessor save after His permission."
19:87: "They will have no power of intercession, save him who has made a covenant with his Lord."
43:86: "And those unto whom they cry instead of Him possess no power of intercession, except him who beareth witness unto the truth knowingly."
The intercession of the Prophet Muhammad (s) in his lifetime is explicitly and frequently established:
3:159: "Pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult with them upon the conduct of affairs."
4:64: "And if, when they had wronged themselves, they had but come unto thee and asked forgiveness of Allah, and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah Forgiving, Merciful."
8:33: "But Allah would not punish them while thou wast with them
9:103: "Pray for them. Lo! thy prayer is an assuagement for them."
24:62: "If they ask thy leave for some affair of theirs, give leave to whom thou wilt of them, and ask for them forgiveness of Allah."
47:19: "Know that there is no god save Allah, and ask forgiveness for thy sin and for believing men and believing women."
The intercession/mediation of the Prophet Muhammad (s) on the Day of Judgment has been established by the consensus of scholars (ijma‘).
17:79: "It may be that thy Lord will raise thee to a Praised Station."
93:5: "And verily thy Lord will give unto thee so that thou wilt be content."
23:56 "Surely, Allah and His Angels bless the Prophet (Muhammad); O you who believe! Call for (Divine) blessings on him and salute him with a (becoming) salutation."
The Intercession of the Generality of the Prophets and Believers
The intercession of the prophets has been established by the verses above, i.e. based on permission, and also because prophets have made a covenant with their Lord (33:7, 3:81) and knowingly bear witness unto the truth. The latter is true also of the elite of the believers (3:18: "Allah, the angels, and the men of learning"). There are also the following verses concerning the prophets’ intercession in their lifetime:
12:97-98: "And they said: O our father! Ask forgiveness of our sins for us for lo! we were sinful. And he [Jacob] said: I shall ask forgiveness for you of my Lord. Lo! He is the Forgiving, the Merciful."
19:47: "He [Abraham] said: Peace unto thee. I shall ask forgiveness of my Lord for thee."
61:4: "Abraham promised his father: I will ask forgiveness for thee, though I owe nothing for thee from Allah."
Angels are permitted to intercede for whomever Allah wills, specifically among the believers:
21:26-28: "And they say: the Beneficent hath taken unto Himself a son... Nay, but honored slaves [angels]... and they cannot intercede except for him whom He accepteth, and they quake for awe of Him."
40:7: "Those who bear the Throne, and all who are round about it... ask forgiveness for those who believe."
42:5: "The angels hymn the praise of their Lord and ask forgiveness for those on the earth."
Evidence from Hadith
The Prophet taught a blind man the following invocation:
The Prophet said:
Evidence of the Scholars
Ibn Taymiyya said:
Earlier Ibn Taymiyya states:
Ibn Taymiyya also said:
Peace and Blessings on the Best of Creation Sayiddina Muhammad (s)
Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani
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