Abu Muhammad al-Juwayni

Imam al-Haramayn narrates: “My father used to recite in the supplication of the dawn prayer: Allahumma la ta`uqna `an al-`ilmi bi `a’iqin wa la tamna`na `anhu bi mani` – O Allah! Do not hinder us in any way from [obtaining] knowledge, and do not prevent us from it by any means.” Of note here is Imam al-Haramayn’s position that the integral (rukn) of stillness in the post-ruku` erect posture (al-tuma’nina fi al-i`tidal) ought to be short and not as long as the integrals of reciting, bowing, prostrating, and sitting. Ibn al-Subki comments:

There is a well-known divergence of opinion among the Shafi`is concerning the invalidity of a prayer in which the post-bowing erect posture is lengthened inordinately, but Imam al-Haramayn went too far when he questioned stillness altogether, while others expressed hesitancy concerning it. The correct and known position is that it is obligatory.

Al-Juwayni related that he once dreamt of seeing the Prophet Yusuf -upon him peace-, whereupon he fell to his knees in order to kiss his feet, but Yusuf -upon him peace- prevented him as a mark of honor for the imam, so the latter kissed Yusuf’s heels. Al-Juwayni said: “I interpreted it to mean that there would be blessing and honor in what I would leave behind.” Ibn al-Subki commented: “What greater blessing and honor than his son!”

Among the imam’s positions is the verdict that one who deliberately lies about the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — has committed apostasy and is passible of death. Imam al-Haramayn relates that his father used to reiterate this fatwa in every class of his.

Abu Salih al-Mu’adhdhin said: “I gave Abu Muhammad his funeral bath. When we were wrapping him in the shroud I saw his right arm to the arm-pit luminous like the moon. I was bewildered, then I said to myself: these are the blessings of his legal responses.”3

 

NOTES

1Al-Bayhaqi’s epistle to al-Juwayni is reproduced in full in TSK (5:77-90) and it contains valuable excerpts from al-Juwayni’s al-Muhit.

2The only person who takes Agha’s attribution of this work seriously to our knowledge is Nasir al-Albani in his edition of Mukhtasar al-`Uluw (p. 277).

3TKM (p. 253-254); SAN 13:403-404 #4027); TSK (5:72-93 #439).

 

Peace and Blessings upon the Prophet, his Family, and his Companions

© 2012 As-Sunnah Foundation of America

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