Al-Jaza’iri

AL JAZA’IRI

AL-JAZA’IRI

The Harmer of the Prophet (SAWS)

 by Dr. G.F. Haddad

Abu Bakr al-Jaza’iri is an Algerian who fled his country at the time Algeria was in the throes of jihad against the French occupants and settled in Saudi Arabia where he was promoted to the post of teacher in the Mosque of the Prophet – Allah bless and greet him – in Madina. There, he sat attacking the Prophet – Allah bless and greet him -, the Sufis and the Saints until his death in 1999, repeating and shouting at the top of his lungs, right next to al-Mustafa – Allah bless and greet him: “The father and mother of the Prophet are in hellfire! The father and mother of the Prophet are in hellfire!” For this act alone, al-Jaza’iri deserves to receive the title of Harmer of the Prophet – Allah bless and greet him and his Family. He repeated this statement with relation to the father of the Prophet – Allah bless and greet him – in writing.1

 This specific obsession of “Salafis” and Wahhabis against the two Noble Parents of the Prophet – Allah bless and greet him – is in direct violation of the injunction of the Prophet – Allah bless and greet him – himself as established by the following hadith:

 A man from the Ansar insulted al-`Abbas’s father who lived in the Time of Ignorance, whereupon al-`Abbas slapped him. The man returned to his people who said: “By Allah, we shall slap him just as he slapped him,” and they girded their weapons. News of this reached the Prophet – Allah bless and greet him – who ascended the pulpit and said: “O people! Who among the dwellers of the earth is deemed most honorable in the presence of Allah?” They said, “You.” He continued: “And al-`Abbas is part of me, and I am part of him. Do not insult our dead, thereby harming our living.” The people then came to the Prophet – Allah bless and greet him – and said: “O Messenger of Allah! We seek refuge in Allah from your anger.”2

 On the established position of the majority of Ahl al-Sunna and the totality of the Ash`ari school that the parents of the Prophet – Allah bless and greet him – are saved see the refutation of al-Jaza’iri by `Amrawi and Murad, Wa`iz Ghayr Mutta`iz (“A Heedless Admonisher”); al-Suyuti’s fatwas in Majmu` Tis` Rasa’il and al-Hawi li al-Fatawa; Kabbani, Encyclopedia (2:143-159); and al-Barzanji, Sadad al-Din wa Sidad al-Dayn fi Najat al-Abawayn al-Sharifayn.

 Mulla `Ali al-Qari (d. 1014) did claim in his Sharh al-Fiqh al-Akbar, Mu`taqad Abi Hanifa, and Sharh al-Shifa’ that the Maturidi position was the contrary. He was refuted harshly by the Friend of Allah and Faqih, Imam `Abd al-Qadir ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Tabari (d. 1022) during the latter’s lessons in the Makkan Sanctuary.3 Al-Qari died – also in Makka – a few days later from a bad fall – Allah have mercy on him and forgive him.

 Al-Haytami in al-Fatawa al-Hadithiyya said that the reliable manuscripts of al-Fiqh al-Akbar do not contain the statement “The parents of the Prophet – Allah bless and greet him – died as disbelievers” and that therefore it should not be attributed to Imam Abu Hanifa. He also states that their salvation is asserted by Shaykh Muhyi al-Din Ibn `Arabi, on the bases of narrations in the two Sahihs on istifâ’ and on the best of centuries. Al-Dhahabi in al-`Uluw attributes al-Fiqh al-Akbar to Abu Hanifa’s student, Abu Muti` al-Hakam ibn `Abd Allah al-Balkhi, as mentioned by Shaykh Shu`ayb al-Arna’ut in his edition of Aqawil al-Thiqat (p. 63).

 Al-Qari’s strongest evidence is the hadith in Sahih Muslim whereby the Prophet – Allah bless and greet him – said, upon being asked by a man about the fate of his father: “Your father is in the Fire.” As the man was walking away the Prophet – Allah bless and greet him – called him back and added: “Both my father and your father are in the Fire.”

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