Amr Ibn Al-Jamuh

Amr Ibn Al-JamuhAmr Ibn Al-Jamuh Scanned from: “Companions of The Prophet”, Vol.1, By: Abdul Wahid Hamid.

Amr ibn al-Jamuh was one of the leading men in Yathrib in the days of Jahiliyyah. He was the chief of the Banu Salamah and was known to be one of the most generous and valiant persons in the city.

One of the privileges of the city’s leaders was having an idol to himself in his house. It was hoped that this idol would bless the leader in whatever he did. He was expected to offer sacrifices to it on special occasions and seek its help at times of distress. The idol of Amr was called Manat. He had made it from the most priceless wood. He spent a great deal of time, money and attention looking after it and he annointed it with the most exquisite perfumes.

Amr was almost sixty years old when the first rays of the light of Islam began to penetrate the houses of Yathrib. House after house was introduced to the new faith at the hands of Mus’ab ibn Umayr, the first missionary sent out to Yathrib before the hijrah. It was through him that Amr’s three sonsĂ‘Muawwadh, Muadh and KhalladĂ‘became Muslims. One of their contemporaries was the famous Muadh ibn Jabal. Amr’s wife, Hind, also accepted Islam with her three sons but Amr himself knew nothing of all this.

Hind saw that the people of Yathrib were being won over to Islam and that not one of the leaders of the city remained in shirk except her husband and a few individuals. She loved her husband dearly and was proud of him but she was concerned that he should die in a state of kufr and end up in hell-fire.

During this time, Amr himself began to feel uneasy. He was afraid that his sons would give up the religion of their forefathers and follow the teaching of Mus’ab ibn Umayr who, within a short space of time, had caused many to turn away from idolatory and enter the religion of Muhammad. To his wife, Amr therefore said:

“Be careful that your children do not come into contact with this man (meaning Mus’ab ibn Umayr) before we pronounce an opinion on him.”

“To hear is to obey,” she replied. “But would you like to hear from your son Muadh what he relates from this man?”

“Woe to you! Has Muadh turned away from his religion without my knowing?”

The good woman felt pity for the old man and said:

“Not at all. But he has attended some of the meetings of this missionary and memorized some of the things he teaches.”

“Tell him to come here,” he said. When Muadh came, he ordered:

“Let me hear an example of what this man preaches.” Muadh recited the FatEhah (the Opening Chapter of the Qur’an):”

“In the name of God, the most Gracious, the Dispenser of Grace. All praise is due to God alone, the Sustainer of all the worlds, The most Gracious, the Dispenser of Grace. Lord of the Day of Judgment! You alone do we worship and to You alone do we turn for help. Guide us on the straight way, the way of those upon whom you have bestowed Your blessings, not of those who have been condemned by You, nor of those who go astray.”

“How perfect are these words, and how beautiful!” exclaimed the father. “Is everything he says like this?”

“Yes indeed, father. Do you wish to swear allegiance to him? All your people have already done so” urged Muadh.

The old man remained silent for a while and then said, “I shall not do so until I consult Manat and see what he says.”

“What indeed would Manat say, Father? It is only a piece of wood. It can neither think nor speak.”

The old man retorted sharply, “I told you, I shall not do anything without him.”

Later that day, Amr went before Manat. It was the custom of the idolators then to place an old woman behind the idol when they wished to speak to it. She would reply on behalf of the idol, articulating, so they thought, what the idol had inspired her to say. Amr stood before the idol in great awe and addressed profuse praises to it. Then he said:

“O Manat, no doubt you know that this propagandist who was delegated to come to us from Makkah does not wish evil on anyone but you. He has come only to stop us worshipping you. I do not want to swear allegiance to him in spite of the beautiful words I have heard from him. I have thus come to get your advice. So please advise me.”

There was no reply from Manat. Amr continued:

“Perhaps you are angry. But up till now, I have done nothing to harm you . . . Never mind, I shall leave you for a few days to let your anger go away.”

Amr’s sons knew the extent of their father’s dependence on Manat and how with time he had become almost a part of it. They realised however that the idol’s place in his heart was being shaken and that they had to help him get rid of Manat. That must be h is path to faith in God.

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