Fiqh of salawaat

“The scholars have specifically mentioned a number of places when it is recommended: . on Fridays during the day and the night before, in the morning and evening, . upon entering the mosque and upon exiting, . when visiting his blessed grave (Allah bless him and give him peace), . when at Safa and Marwa, . during the Friday sermon and other sermons [f: the the khatib; as for those listening, they do not do so with their tongues, but within themselves], . after replying to the adhan, . when the call to commence the prayer is given (iqamah), . in the beginning, middle and end of a supplication (du`a) [f: because the salat on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) is accepted by Allah, and He will not reject that which is between it, out of His supreme generosity, as the scholars mention], . after the du’a of qunut [in the witr prayer], . when meeting and parting, . during the ablution, . when having forgotten something, . when giving an admonition, . when commencing and completing the reading of hadith, . for all authors, students, and teachers, . people getting married and people marrying others off, . in letters, . and before all important matters.” [Radd al-Muhtar, 1:348, Bulaq]

What is the reward and benefit of the peace and blessings

Imam al-Sakhawi records numerous benefits and rewards of sending blessings on the blessed prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace). These include:

1. Allah’s sending blessings on the slave

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) relates that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “He who sends blessings on me once, Allah sends him blessings ten times.” [Muslim, Abu Dawud, & Tirmidhi]

Anas ibn Malik (Allah be pleased with him) relates that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “He who sends blessings on me once Allah sends blessings on him ten times and removes from him ten sins and raises him by ten degrees.” [al-Nasa'i].

2. Forgiveness

Abu Kahil relates that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “O Abu Kahil, whoever sends blessings on me three times every day and three times every night out of love for me and longing for me, it is his right on Allah that He forgive him his sins for that day and night.”

3. Sufficiency for one’s worldly and other-worldly affairs for the one who makes all of his prayers blessings on the prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace)

Ubayy ibn Ka`b relates: I said, “O Messenger of Allah, I send much blessings on you. What proportion of my prayer should I devote to you?” He said, “As much as you like.” I said, “A quarter?” He said, “As much as you like, and if you increased it would only be better for you.” I said, “Then a half?” He said, “As much as you like and if you increased then it would only be better for you.” I said, “Then two thirds?” He said, “As much as you like and if you increased it would only be better for you.” I said, “I’ll devote all of my prayers to sending blessings on you.” The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “In that case it will suffice you from your worries and your sins will be forgiven. ” [Reported by Tirmidhi who declared it well authenticated]

4. Attaining intercession of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace)

Abu al-Darda’ relates that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Whoever sends blessings on me ten times in the morning and ten in the evening will have my intercession on judgement day.” [Tabarani]

Imam al-Sakhawi mentions other benefits, including: . attaining the pleasure of Allah Most High and His mercy, . protection from His anger, . being shaded by Allah’s throne on judgement day, . purification of the heart from hypocrisy, . and seeing our Beloved Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) in one’s sleep. [al-Qawl al-Badi' fi al-salat 'ala al-Habib al-Shafi', 203]

May Allah fill our hearts with love of His beloved Prophet. May He inspire our tongues to send much blessings on him (Allah bless him and give him peace) and guide us to lead our lives in accordance to his exalted and noble sunna.

And Allah alone gives success.

Sohail Hanif, with Faraz Rabbani.

Dedicated to the Beloved of Allah, our Prophet (Allah bless him & give him peace), his family, companions, and those who followed in the footsteps on the Sunni path.

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