Footnotes for Dhikr

Footnotes for Dhikr

1 Truthfulness should not be confused with sincerity, since it is possible to act with sincerity but not to reach truthfulness, as Nawawi explained in his commentary to the second of his “forty hadiths” (hadith about islam, iman, ihsan). Ibn al-Jawzi relates in “Sifat al-Safwa” (4:98): “Mansur said: I heard Musa ibn `Isa say: I heard my uncle say: I heard Aba Yazid (al-Bistami) say: “If one time I could utter purely LA ILAHA ILLALLAH (there is no god except Allah alone), I would not care about anything after that’ (law safat li tahlilatun ma balaytu ba`daha bi shay’).”

2 Abd al-Hakim Murad: Ahmad ibn `Isa Abu Sa`id al-Kharraz (d. 277/890-1) was an important Sufi who, according to Huwjiri, was “the first to explain the doctrine of annihilation (fana’) and subsistence (baqa’).” He was the close companion of Dhul-Nun, Bishr al-Hafi, and al-Sari al-Saqati, and was renowned for the emphasis he placed on `ishq, the passionate love of Allah, and upon the scrupulous observance of the Law. Sources: Sulami, “Tabaqat al-Sufiyya” 223-228; Qushayri, “al-Risala” 1:161-162; Brockelmann, 1:646.

3 Abd al-Hakim Murad: I. ibn Yazid al-Nakha`i (d. c96/714-5) was a devout and learned scholar of Kufa who opposed the writing of hadith as an unjustified innovation. He studied under al-Hasan al-Basri and Anas ibn Malik, and taught Abu Hanifa, who may have been influenced by his extensive use of personal judgment (ra’y) in matters of jurisprudence. Sources: Ibn Hibban, “Mashahir `ulama al-amsar” 101; M.M. Azami, “Studies in Early Hadith Literature” 65-66; Ibn al-Jazari, “Ghayat al-nihaya” 1:29.

4 Destroying all things by commandment of its Lord. And morning found them so that naught could be seen save their dwellings. Thus do we reward the guilty folk.” (46:25)

5 Mawlana Shaykh Nazim al-Haqqani said that Mawlana Shaykh Abd Allah al-Daghistani said that even when removing an obstacle from the road such as a stone according to the saying of the Prophet “Belief has seventy-odd branches, the lowest of which is to remove something harmful from the road,” the Allah-wary one is not to kick the stone away but to pick it up and displace it by hand out of respect for its glorification of Allah.

6 Nuh Keller, Victor Danner:) Abu al-Fadl Ibn `Ata’ Allah (d. 709/1309) of Alexandria, Egypt: One of the great sufi imams and a Maliki jurist, author of “al-Hikam” (Aphorisms), “Miftah al-falah” (The Key to Success), “al-qasd al-mujarrad fi ma`rifat al-ism al-mufrad” (The Pure Goal Concerning Knowledge of the Unique Name), “Taj al-`arus al-hawi li tadhhib al-nufus” (The Bride’s Crown Containing the Discipline of Souls), “`Unwan al-tawfiq fi adab al-tariq” (The Sign of Success Concerning the Discipline of the Path), the biographical “al-lata’if fi manaqib Abi al-`Abbas al-Mursi wa shaykhihi Abi al-Hassan” (The Subtle Blessings in the Saintly Lives of Abu al-`Abbas al-Mursi and His Master Abu al-Hasan), and others, five of which were transmitted with their chains by the hadith master and historian al-Sakhawi (d. 902/1497) to the Shadhili commentator Ahmad Zarruq (d. 899/1493). Ibn `Ata Allah was the student of Abu al-`Abbas al-Mursi (d. 686/1288), the second successor of Imam Abu al-Hasan al-Shadhili, and the shaykh of the Shafi`i imam Taqi al-Din al-Subki. He related from al-Shadhili the following saying: “This path is not monasticism, eating barley and bran, or the garrulousness of affectation, but rather perseverance in the divine commands and certainty in the divine guidance.” Some sources: al-Zirikly, al-a`lam 1:221; `Asqalani, al-durar al-kamina 1:273; Subki, Tabaqat al-shafi`iyya 9:23.

7 A.Hakim Murad:) Muhammad ibn Musa al-Wasiti (d. 320/932): A Sufi who associated with al-Junayd and al-Nuri in Baghdad and who later moved to Merv where he died. He was also an authority on fiqh. Sources: Qushayri, “Risala” 1:174; Sulami, “Tabaqat” 302-307.

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