8. Adhana fi al-nasi anna man shahida an La ilaha illallah wahdahu la sharika lahu mukhlisan dakhala al-janna. “It was proclaimed among the people that whoever witnesses that there is no god except Allah, alone, without partner, enters Paradise.” [8]

8a. Man shahida an La ilaha illallah dakhala al-janna. “Whoever witnesses that there is no god but Allah alone enters Paradise.” [9]

9. Bashshir al-nasa annahu man qala La ilaha illallahu wahdahu la sharika lahu wajabat lahu al-janna. “Announce to the people the tidings that whoever says: No god except Allah alone, without partner, Paradise is guaranteed for him.” [10]

10. `Uthman ibn `Affan said: I heard Allah’s Messenger say: “Verily, I know a phrase which no servant utters truthfully from his heart except the Fire is made unlawful for him.” `Umar ibn al-Khattab said: “I shall tell you what that phrase is. It is the kalima of sincerity with which Allah has empowered Muhammad and his Companions, the kalima of fear of Allah which Allah’s Prophet enjoined upon his uncle Abu Talib on his deathbed: the witnessing that there is no god but Allah.” [11]

11. Sa`id ibn al-Musayyib relates: When the death of Abu Talib approached, Allah’s Apostle came to him and said: “Say: La ilaha illallah, a word with which I will be able to negotiate or argue (uhajju) for you in Allah’s presence.” [12]

12. Mafatih al-janna shahadatu an La ilaha illallah. “The keys to Paradise are the witnessing that there is no god but Allah.” [13] It is confirmed by the next hadith.

12a. Li kulli shay’in miftahun wa miftahu al-jannati shahadatu an La ilaha illallah. “Everything has its key, and the key to Paradise is the witnessing that there is no god but Allah.” [14]

13. Ibn `Abbas narrated in his Commentary that the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — said concerning the meaning of the verse: hal jaza’u al-ihsani illa al-ihsan – “Is the reward of goodness anything other than goodness?” (55:60): “Allah says: Can there be any other reward than Paradise in the Hereafter for one whom I blessed in his worldly life with the recitation of the kalima of La ilaha illallah?” `Ikrima and al-Hasan also said that the reward of La ilaha illallah cannot be anything but Paradise.

14. “If anyone comes on the Day of Resurrection who has said La ilaha illallah sincerely with the intention to win Allah’s pleasure, Allah will make Hellfire forbidden for him.” [15] Tirmidhi comments on the preceding hadith: “It is narrated from al-Zuhri that he was asked about the Prophet’s saying whereby “Whoever says La ilaha illallah enters Paradise” and he said: “This was only in the beginning of Islam, before the revelation of obligations and the orders and prohibitions.” The hafiz Abu Bakr ibn al-`Arabi (d. 543) comments on this in `Aridat al-ahwadhi (10:105): “There is no justification for Ibn Shihab’s (al-Zuhri) explanation.” This is confirmed by the hadith of `Utban ibn Malik. Ibn Hajar in Fath al-Bari, Riqaq ch. 14 (1989 ed. 11:324) mentions that the opinion of al-Zuhri and of Sa`id ibn al-Musayyib that the hadith “Whoever says La ilaha illallah applied only in the beginning of Islam was incorrect since the hadith of Abu al-Darda’ and Abu Dharr whereby the Muslim enters Paradise “even if he commits adultery or steals” and the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — mentioned this precisely to contradict the logic of those who say that great sins will prevent entry into Paradise.

15. Lan yuwafiya `abdun yawma al-qiyamati yaqulu La ilaha illallah yabtaghi biha wajh Allah illa harrama Allahu `alayhi al-nar. “No servant is true to his word on the Day of Resurrection, saying: No god but Allah in order to seek Allah’s good pleasure, except Allah will make the Fire unlawful for him.” [16]

16. “The best of my sayings and of the sayings of all Prophets before me is: There is no god but Allah alone, without partner, to Him belong all sovereignty and glory, and He has power over all things.” Narrated by Tirmidhi from `Amr ibn Shu`ayb, from his father, from his grandfather (hasan gharib).

17. Afdalu al-a`mali al-imanu billahi wahdah, thumma al-jihad, thumma hujjatun mabrura, tufdilu sa’ir al-a`mali kama bayna matla` al-shamsi ila maghribiha. “The best deed is belief in Allah alone, then struggle in the way of Allah, then pilgrimage that is accepted: these outweigh all deeds the distance of East to West.” [17]

18. Alaysa yashhadu an La ilaha illallah wa anni rasulullah? Qalu innahu yaqulu dhalika wa ma huwa fi qalbihi. Qala la yashhadu ahadun an La ilaha illallah wa anni rasulullah fa yadkhulu al-nara aw tut`imuhu. Qala anas fa a`jabani hadha al-hadith fa qultu li ibni uktubhu fa katabahu. It is narrated on the authority of `Utban ibn Malik that he came to Madina and said: Something was wrong with my eyesight, so I said to the Prophet: “It is my ardent desire that you should grace my house with your presence and pray there so that I should take the spot where you prayed as a place of worship.” (Another version also in Muslim has: I sent for the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — the message: “Come and lay for me a place for worship [khutta li masjidan].” Imam Nawawi said: It means: “Mark for me a spot that I can take as a place for worship by obtaining blessing from your having been there [mutabarrikan bi atharika].”) So the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — came there, with those of the Companions whom Allah wished. He entered (my home) and performed prayer. Then the Companions began to talk among themselves about Malik ibn Dukhshum, and they wished that the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — would curse him so that he should die or meet some calamity. After the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — finished praying he said: “Does Malik ibn Dukhshum not testify to the fact that there is no god but Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah?” They said: “Yes, he no doubt says this but it is not in his heart.” The Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — replied: “No-one ever witnesses that there is no god but Allah and that I am Allah’s Messenger and then enters the Fire or consumes it.” Anas said: “This hadith impressed me so much that I ordered my son to write it down and he did.” Imam Nawawi says about: “In this hadith is evidence for obtaining blessings through the relics of saints (al-tabarruk bi athar al-salihin).” [18]

19. Al-imanu bid`un wa sab`una baban fa adnaha imatat al-adha `an al-tariq wa arfa`uha qawlu La ilaha illallah. “Belief is seventy and some branches. Its lowest branch is the removal of harm from the road while its highest is to say: There is no god but Allah.” [19] .

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