The Historical Significance of `Ashura

عن حميد بن عبدالرحمن أنه سمع معاوية رضي اللَّه عنه يقول: سمعت رسول اللَّه صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: ” هذا يوم عاشوراء، ولم يكتب اللَّه عليكم صيامه، وأنا صائم، فمن شاء فليصم، ومن شاء فليفطر” .

Mu`awiyah ibn Abu Sufyan (Radiyallahu `anh) relates: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta`ala) say: “It is the day of `Ashura. Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta`ala) has not made fasting obligatory for you. But I am fasting. He who likes to observe fast among you should do so, and he who likes not to observe it (does not have to) observe it.” [Bukhari & Muslim]

عن أبي قتادة رضي اللَّه عنه ، أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: ” صيام يوم عاشوراء، أحتسب على اللَّه أن يكفر السنة التي قبله أخرجه مسلم

Abu Qatada (Radiyallahu `anh) relates that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu `alayhi wa Sallam) said that the fast on the 10th of Muharram atones for the sins of the preceding year. [Sahih Muslim]

Abu Huraira (Radiyallahu `anh) reports that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu `alayhi wa Sallam) said that after Ramadan, the fasts of Muharram have the greatest excellence. [Sahih Muslim]

Alhamdulillah, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta`ala) has blessed us to see another year. The first month of this year is Muharram. In this month is an excellent day—the day of `Ashura—which falls on the 10th of Muharram. The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu `alayhi wa Sallam) recommended that we fast on this day, by his Sunnah. He also indicated how we should observe the fast of `Ashura.

عن الحكم بن الأعرج قال: انتهيت إلى ابن عباس رضي اللَّه عنهما، وهو متوسِّد رداءه عند زمزم، فقلت له: أخبرني عن صوم عاشوراء، فقال: “إذا رأيت هلال المحرم فاعدد، وأصبح يوم التاسع صائماً، قلت: هكذا كان رسول اللَّه صلى الله عليه وسلم يصومه؟ قال: نعم” .

Hakam ibn Al-`Araj (Radiyallahu `anh) relates: I went to Ibn `Abbas (Radiyallahu `anh)… I said to him: Tell me about fasting on `Ashura. He said, “When you seen the new moon of Muharram count the (days) and (begin to) observe fast on the 9th.” I said to him: “Is it how the Holy Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu `alayhi wa Sallam) observed the fast?” He said, “Yes.” [Sahih Muslim]

عن ابن عباس رضي اللَّه عنهما قال: قال رسول اللَّه صلى الله عليه وسلم : “لئن بقيت إلى قابل لأصومن التاسع

Hazrat Ibn `Abbas (Radiyallahu `anh) relates that when the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu `alayhi wa Sallam) said: “If I survive till next year, I will definitely observe fast on the 9th of Muharram (as well).” [Sahih Muslim]

(Note: What the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu `alayhi wa Sallam) meant was that he would also fast on the 9th as well as the 10th to which he was accustomed. We also should try fasting on the 9th and the 10th of Muharram.)

في رواية لمسلم عن ابن عباس – رضي الله عنهما  – أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قدم المدينة . فوجد اليهود صياماً يوم عاشوراء . فقال لهم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ما هذا اليوم الذي تصومونه ؟ فقالوا : هذا يوم عظيم . أنجى الله فيه موسى وقومه . وغرق فرعون وقومه . فصامه موسى شكراً . فنحن نصومه . فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ” فنحن أحق وأولى بموسى منكم ” فصامه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم . وأمر بصيامه

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