Imam Junayd ibn Muhammad Abu al-

Allah said: Those who have striven for Our sake, We guide them to Our ways (29:96). He has thereby made guidance dependent on jihad. Therefore, the most perfect of people are those of them who struggle the most for His sake, and the most obligatory of jihads (afrad al-jihad) are the jihad against the ego, the jihad against desires, the jihad against the devil, and the jihad against the lower world. Whoever struggles against these four, Allah will guide them to the ways of His good pleasure which lead to His Paradise, and whoever leaves jihad, then he leaves guidance in proportion to his leaving jihad. Al-Junayd said: “[The verse means] Those who have striven against their desires and repented for our sake, we shall guide them to the ways of sincerity. And one cannot struggle against his enemy outwardly except he who struggles against these enemies inwardly. Then whoever is given victory over them will be victorious over his enemy. And whoever is defeated by them, his enemy defeats him.”6

Ibn `Abidin related in his fatwa on the permissibility of dhikr gatherings:

The Imam of the Two Groups,7our master al-Junayd was told: “Certain people indulge in wajd or ecstatic behavior, and sway with their bodies.” He replied: “Leave them to their happiness with Allah. They are the ones whose affections have been smashed by the path and whose breasts have been torn apart by effort, and they are unable to bear it. There is no blame on them if they breathe awhile as a remedy for their intense state. If you tasted what they taste, you would excuse their exuberance.”8

In his Kitab al-Fana’ (“Book of the Annihilation of the Self”) al-Junayd states:

As for the select and the select of the select, who become alien through the strangeness of their conditions – presence for them is loss, and enjoyment of the witnessing is struggle. They have been effaced from every trace and every signification that they find in themselves or that they witness on their own. The Real has subjugated them, effaced them, annihilated them from their own attributes, so that it is the Real that works through them, on them, and for them in everything they experience. It is the Real which confirms such exigencies in and upon them through the form of its completion and perfection.9

Al-Junayd went on pilgrimage on foot thirty times.

In the process of trial of al-Hallaj, his former disciple, Caliph of the time demanded his fatwa and he issued this fatwa: “From the outward appearance he is to die and we judge according to the outward appearance and Allah knows better”.

Death of Hadhrat Junayd al-Baghdadi

On his deathbed he recited the Qur’an incessantly. Al-Jariri related that he told him: “O Abu al-Qasim! Put yourself at ease.” He replied: “O Abu Muhammad! Do you know anyone that is more in need of Qur’an at this time, when my record is being folded up?” He finished one khatma then started over until he recited seventy verses of Sura al-Baqara, then he died. Ibn `Imad al-Hanbali said: “If we were to speak of his merits we could fill volumes.”

Before his death Junayd ordered that all the saying of knowledge attributed to him which people have written down should be buried. When people asked him the reason he said, “When the people have the knowledge of the Prophet of Allah with them, I desire that I may meet Allah Ta’ala in the state that there remains nothing attributed to me”. After his death Shaykh Ja’far al-Khaldi saw him in a dream. Ja’far al-Khaldi asked Junayd “How did Allah Ta’ala treat you?” Junayd replied:

طاحت تلك الاشارات وغابت تلك العبارات وفنيت تلك العلوم ونفدت تلك الرسوم, وما نفعنا الا ركعات نركعها في الاسحار

“Those subtle signs were finished, those phrases disappeared, those sciences were annihilated, those illustrations were erased and nothing helped us except some rak`ats which we used to pray before dawn”.

Main sources:

al-Qushayri, Risala 148-150;

Ibn `Imad, Shadharat al-Dhahab 2:228-230;

al-Dhahabi, Siyar A`lam al-Nubala’ 11:153-155 #2555;

Ibn al-Subki, Tabaqat al-Shafi`iyya al-Kubra 2:260-275 #60.

Tarikh Baghdad - al-Khatib Baghdadi page 248 vol 7 – via Tarashay page 28/29- Mufti Maulana Muhammad Taqi Uthmaani

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