Importance of `Ashura

`Āshūra is a day of great historical significance. On this day: Allah (swt) accepted the repentance of Sayyidina Adam (as) after his exile from Paradise; Allah (swt) saved Sayyidina Nuh (as) and his companions in the ark; Allah extinguished the fire in which Sayyidina Ibrahim (as) was thrown by Nimrod; And Allah (swt) spoke directly to Sayyidina Musa (as) and gave him the Commandments. On this same 10th of Muharram, Sayyidina Ayyub (as) was restored to health (from leprosy); Sayyidina Yusuf (as) was reunited with his father Ya`qub (as); Sayyidina Yunus (as) was taken out from the belly of the fish; and the sea was divided as the nation of israel was delivered from captivity and Pharoah’s army was destroyed. `Āshūra is also the day when Sayyidina Dawud (as) was forgiven; the kingdom of Sulaiman (as) was restored; Sayyidina `Isa (as) was raised to Jannah and Sayyidina al-Husayn (as) [the Holy Prophet’s, Sallallahu `alayhi wa Sallam, grandson] achieved the honor of Martyrdom.

Worship Allah (swt) as much as you can on `Āshūra. Whoever fasts on this day is like one who fasts all his life. Whoever clothes a naked person Allah (swt) will release him from a painful punishment. He who visits a sick person, Allah (swt) will grant him a reward that will not be decreased. Whoever places his hand on an orphan’s head, or feeds a hungry person or gives water to a thirsty person, Allah will feed him a feast from Paradise and will quench his thirst with Salsabil (a wine that does not intoxicate). And who ever makes  ghusl on this day will enjoy excellent health and freedom from sickness and laziness. Whoever provides generously for his family on this day, Allah (swt) will be generous to him throughout this year. And whoever applies kohl to his eyes will never suffer from eye-sore again, inSha’Allah al-`Aziz.

عن حميد بن عبدالرحمن أنه سمع معاوية رضي اللَّه عنه يقول: سمعت رسول اللَّه صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: ” هذا يوم عاشوراء، ولم يكتب اللَّه عليكم صيامه، وأنا صائم، فمن شاء فليصم، ومن شاء فليفطر” .

Mu`awiyah ibn Abu Sufyan (r) relates: I heard the Messenger of Allah (swt) say: “It is the day of `Āshūra. Allah (swt) has not made fasting obligatory for you. But I am fasting. He who likes to observe fast among you should do so, and he who likes not to observe it (does not have to) observe it.” [Sahih Muslim]

عن حميد بن عبدالرحمن أنه سمع معاوية رضي اللَّه عنه يقول: سمعت رسول اللَّه صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: ” هذا يوم عاشوراء، ولم يكتب اللَّه عليكم صيامه، وأنا صائم، فمن شاء فليصم، ومن شاء فليفطر” .

Abu Qatada (r) relates that the Holy Prophet (s) said that the fast on the 10th of Muharram atones for the sins of the preceding year. [Sahih Muslim]

في رواية لمسلم عن ابن عباس – رضي الله عنهما  – أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قدم المدينة . فوجد اليهود صياماً يوم عاشوراء . فقال لهم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ما هذا اليوم الذي تصومونه ؟ فقالوا : هذا يوم عظيم . أنجى الله فيه موسى وقومه . وغرق فرعون وقومه . فصامه موسى شكراً . فنحن نصومه . فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ” فنحن أحق وأولى بموسى منكم ” فصامه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم . وأمر بصيامه

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, observed `Āshūra’ by fasting it. He asked the Jews why they fasted on that day and they told him “It is the day on which Allah drowned Pharaoh and rescued Moses, so we fast in it to give thanks to Allah Most High.” The Prophet (s) replied saying:  “We have more of a right to Moses than you.” So he fasted on that day and ordered the people to fast on that day. He also said near the end of his life: “By Allah, if I lived longer I would fast on the 9th of Muharram.” That is, that he would fast on the 9th and the 10th.

أخرج مسلم من حديث أبي هريرة أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: (أفضل الصيام بعد شهر رمضان شهر الله الذي تدعونه المحرم وأفضل الصلاة بعد الفريضة قيام الليل

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