respecting the Quran

Q. When i went to Saudia (87,88), I saw ONLY Saudians, literally leaving Quran right by their feet, whenever its time for prayers. Its like when i am reading Quran and the time for prayer starts, i ‘ll make sure to put It back in the shelf, but Saudian just put it in the ground or right by their feet.

Ta`zim al-Qur’an (keeping the Qur’an honored) is a duty without doubt. Whoever insists on putting the mushaf on the ground after having been told otherwise, deliberately and knowingly, out of sheer laziness and ill-will, then may Allah put his face on the ground. He should not mind it if he considers it indifferent.

Now while i was talking one of my brother about this disrespect to Quran of Saudians, he replied that there is no text in Quran or no Hadith, that will order you to not put this book in ground.

There is no text in Qur’an or hadith that says that person is ahmaq (stupid) either. Yet it may be the case nevertheless.

He said that it is permissible, unless you start tossing it or throwing away … thats wrong.

His fatwa is for himself. Not only he has not respected scholars but ever said that it is permissible to put Qur’an on the floor, but the ijma` of scholars has said that “man istakhaffa bi al-Qur’an, aw bi shay’in minhu, aw bi al-mushaf, wa huwa `alim bi dhalik, fa huwa kafir.” That is : whoever treats the Qur’an or mushaf or part thereof lightly in full knowledge of the fact, he is a kafir. The least one can say is that one who places it on the floor instead of a higher spot, is treating it lightly.

He also criticized on my keeping Quran in covering (made of cloth) and also STRONGLY criticized on kissing it. He said that real Quran is to read it and then practice it. Kissing Quran would ‘nt take into the paradise BUT practicing it will.

No one with an atom of pride in the heart will enter Paradise.That is a person who has no understanding of practicing Allah’s orders since he cannot be trusted to respect Allah’s signs.Preserving the mushaf from dust or filth or the climate in a box is meritorious, so what about just using a cloth?

As for kissing the mushaf, it is a mark of respect and we know that it was done by the great Companions such as `Umar and `Uthman. See Ibn `Abidin, Hashiyat radd al-muhtar 5:244-246; also `Ikrima ibn Abi Jahl used to kiss it: see al-Zarkashi, `Ulum al-Qur’an 1:478 and this is confirmed by Imam Ahmad as Ibn Taymiyya admits in Mukhtasar al-fatawa al-misriyya p. 265. If the Sahaba did it, then what is the word of a loutish person who cannot even be bothered to put the mushaf other than on the floor when he finishes reading it? May Allah reform him and his like.

Sayyidina `Umar used to kiss the mushaf every dawn and say: `ahdu rabbi wa manshur rabbi — the pact of my Lord and the proclamation of my Lord. May Allah be well pleased with him.

The four schools are in agreement that one has to be in wudhu to handle the Qur’an (The Shafi’i's allow handling the Qur’an without wudhu for purposes of study but stress the importance of wudhu for it).

It is unlawful (Haraam) for someone not in the state of wudu to carry a Qur’an, even by a trap or in a box , or touch it, whether its writing, the spaces between its lines, its margins, binding, the carrying strap attached to it, or the bag or box it is in.

The opinion expressed in Fiqh al-Sunnah that it is permissible to touch the Qur’an without ritual purity is a deviant view contrary to all four schools of jurisprudence (fiqh) that is Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i and Hanbali and is impermissible to teach (except to teach that it is deviant).

It is permissible to carry books of Sacred Law (Shari’ah), hadith, or Qur’anic tafsir, provided that most of their text is not Qur’an.

One should not use saliva on the fingers to turn the pages of the Qur’an.

When one fears that a Qur’an may burn, get soaked, that a non-Muslim may touch it, or that it may come into contact with some filth, then one must pick it up if there is no safe place for it, even if one is not in the state of wudu or is in need of the obligatory bath, though performing the dry ablution (tayummum) is wajib if possible.

It is haraam to use the Qur’an or any book of Islamic knowledge as a pillow.

Imam Muhammad ibn Ahmad Qurtubi says in al-Jami’ li ahkam al-Qur’an:

It is the inviolability of the Qur’an:

1 not to touch the Qur’an except in the state of ritual purity in wudu, and to recite it when in a state of ritual purity;

2 to brush one’s teeth with a toothstick (siwak), remove food particles from between the them, and to freshen one’s mouth before reciting, since it is the way through which the Qur’an passes;

3 to sit up straight if not in prayer, and not lean back;

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