Taj al-Din as-Subki

Jamal al-Din al-Husayn al-Subki, qadi and teacher, the elder brother of the author, was born in Cairo 722 A.H. As his brother Baha’ al-Din he studied with Abu Hayyan and al-Isfahani. He came with his father to Damascus in 739, where he studied traditions with al-Mizzi and al-Dahabi and law with al-Naqib. Then he went back to Cairo, and here he taught at al-Hakkariyya, but he returned to Damascus, where he devoted himself to teaching. In the beginning of 745 he supplied for his father as head qadi and taught at the same time at al-`Udrawiyya and al-Shamiyya al-Barraniyya. He died 755 A.H., a month before the death of his father.

Sadr al-Din Yahya al-Subki, qadi and teacher, the grand-uncle of the author, had studied with the famous Sadid al-Din al-Tarmanti, professor at al-Fadiliyya in Cairo, and also with Zahir al-Din al-Tarmanti, teacher at al-Qutbiyya and the chapel of al-Shafi`i. He was qadi at al-Mahalla and afterwards teacher at al-Saifiyya until he died, 725 A.H.

Sadid al-Din `Abd al-Barr and `Abd al-Latif al-Subki, the cousins of the father of the author, we only know by name, except that the former had held the position of qadi.

Baha’ ­al-Din Abu al-Baqa’ Muhammad al-Subki, head qadi, professor and preacher, the second cousin of the author was born at Cairo 707 A.H. He studied with Qutb al-Din al-­Sanbati, Majd al-Din al-Zankaluni, Zain al-Din ibn al-Kinani, `Ala’ al-Din al-Qunawi, his grandfather Sadr al-Din, his uncle Taqi al-Din, Abu Hyyan and Gamal al-Din al-Qazwini. He began to teach in Cairo, but when his uncle Taqi al-Din went to Damascus, he followed him. In Damascus he became famous as a teacher at al-Atabakiyya, al-Zahiriyya al-Barraniyya, al-Rawhiyya, and al-Qimariyya. Later he held the office of head qadi in Damascus and was at the same time professor at al-Ghazzaliyya and al-`Adiliyya. But already in 765 he returned to Cairo as judge of the military court, and for seven years he was qadi over the whole of Egypt. After that he taught at the chapel of al-Shafi`i and al-Mansuriyya. In 775 he again came to Damascus and was once more head qadi and professor at al-Ghazzaliyya al-`Adiliyya. He also taught at the tradition school al-‘Ashrafiyya. A month before his death he was made preacher at the Great Mosque. He died 777 A.H.

Taqi al-Din Abu al-Fath Muhammad al-Subki, traditionist ­and professor; the third cousin of the author. Was born in 704 A.H. He studied in Cairo with his grandfather Sadr al-Din and his uncle Taqi al-Din, also with Qutb al-Din al-­Sanbati and Abu Hayyan. He taught first in Cairo, then he came to Damascus and became professor at al-Shamiyya al-Juwwaniyya, where he lectured on traditions. He died 744 A.H.

Wali al-Din `Abdullah al-Subki, head qadi, professor, and preacher, the second nephew of the author, was born in Cairo 735 A.H. He studied with his father Baha’ al-Din and with al-Mizzi in Damascus. Then he taught at al-Shamiyya al-Juwwaniyya, al-Rawahiyya, al-Atabakiyya, and al-Qimariyya. He supplied as head qadi and was head of the customhouse. In 777 he was appointed head qadi of Damascus, preacher of the great mosque and professor at the tradition school. He died 785 A.H.

Badr al-Din Muhammad al-Subki, head qadi professor and preacher, younger brother of the preceding, another second nephew of the author, was born 741 A.H. He studied, with his father Baha’ al-Din and others. He distinguished himself in several branches of learning. First he taught in Damascus at al-Rawahiyya and al-Atabakiyya. Afterwards he supplied for his father as head qadi of Cairo and taught traditions at al-Mansuriyya. When his father became head qadi of Damascus he took his place as teacher at the chapel of al-Shafi`i and at al-Mansuriyya. In the year 779 he was called to Damascus to take the office of head qadi after Ibn Jama`a. After a year, however, he must give up this office in favour of his predecessor and during three years he was kept out of any public office. From 784 to 789 he again held the office of head qadi, but again he was removed. After the death of Ibn Jama`a he became preacher at the Great Mosque and professor at al-Ghazzaliyya. The following year he was called to Cairo as head qadi, but was twice displaced from this office. During, the course of 18 years he was, thus head qadi four times for a period of eight years and a half together. At last be taught at the chapel of al-Shafi`i. He died 803 A.H.

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