Respect for the Companions of Sayiddina Muhammad (s)

al-Hasan al-Basri said: “Our salt has disappeared; what good is left in us?” Their good consisted in their direction and rightful guidance, their scrupulousness in obedience, their commanding good and forbidding evil, and their elucidation of the Shari`a and of the matters of the Deen.

The above hadith is confirmed by the Prophet’s narration in Bukhari’s Sahih from Ibn `Abbas in the book of the merits of the Ansar, whereby the Prophet said during his last illness:

“O people! People will become numerous, and the Ansar will decrease in number, until they shall be among people in the same way as salt in the food. Therefore, whoever among you holds sway and wields power to harm or benefit, let him accept the good of those who do good among them, and excuse the evil of the evil-doers among them.”

Ibn al-Qayyim said in his al-Tibb al-nabawi (p. 301, 1993 ed.) which is part of his book Zad al-ma`ad, translated by Shaykh Muhammad al-`Akili as Medicine of the Prophet (p. 314):

Anas narrated that Allah’s Messenger said: “Salt is the master of your food.” (sayyidu idamikum al-milh – Sunan of Ibn Majah with a chain containing `Isa ibn Abi `Isa, who is matruk — fatally weak.) “Master” here means stabilizer, architect, or the principal substance, and the one that plays a dominant role in affecting others. That is what master (sayyid) means, and in that sense, food is regulated with salt, and most food do not balance unless they contain salt. [Note: this is unrefined salt, which is much healthier than the salt used nowadays.]

In another prophetic tradition, Allah’s Messenger said: “Perhaps, there will come a day when you will be in the midst of people like salt in the food, and nothing balances food better than salt.”

`Abd Allah ibn `Umar said: “Allah Almighty sent down four blessings from the skies: iron, fire, water, and salt.”

The Prophet also said:

“Allah, Allah! Fear Him with regard to my Companions! Do not make them targets after me! Whoever loves them loves them with his love for me; and whoever hates them hates them with his hatred for me. Whoever bears enmity for them, bears enmity for me; and whoever bears enmity for me, bears enmity for Allah. Whoever bears enmity for Allah is about to perish.”

al-Qari said in his commentary on al-Shifa’ (2:92):

The hadith may be deduced from the sum of Allah’s saying: “Lo! those who malign Allah and His messenger, Allah hath cursed them in the world and the Hereafter, and hath prepared for them the doom of the disdained. And those who malign believing men and believing women undeservedly, they bear the guilt of slander and manifest sin.” (33:57-58)

Ibn Kathir said in his Tafsir, in commenting on the above verses:

Ibn `Abbas said that the verse “those who harm Allah and His Prophet” was revealed concerning those who condemned the marriage of the Prophet with Safiyya bint Huyayy ibn Akhtab. The external meaning is that the verse is universal and pertains to all those who harm him in something, for those who harm him harm Allah, just as those who obey him obey Allah, as the Prophet said: “Allah, Allah! Fear Him with regard to my Companions! Do not make them targets after me!…” etc.

Allah’s saying: “And those who harm the believing men and the believing women undeservedly,” that is: they attribute to them something of which they are innocent and which they never did; “those have committed a grievous slander and a manifest sin.” That is the most grievous slander: to convey, concerning the believers, something which they never did, for the purpose of suggesting disgrace and defects in relation to them.

Most of those who enter into that divine threat are the Rafida (“Rejectionists”), who criticize the Companions, blame them for something of which Allah Himself declared them to be innocent, and attribute to them defects which were never mentioned by Allah. For Allah has said that He was well pleased with the Muhajirun and the Ansar and He praised them, while those ignorant dolts insult them and accuse them of faults and vices, attributing to them what they never did in their lives. Those accusers are in reality diseased of heart, for they injure those who are praised and they praise those who are despised.

Page 3 of 8 | Previous page | Next page