Sayyidina `Umar ibn al-Khattab al-Faruq

`Umar ibn al-Khattab

He, may Allah be pleased with him, was `Umar ibn al-Khattab ibn Nufail ibn `Abdu’l-`Uzza ibn Riyah ibn Qart ibn Razah ibn `Adi ibn Ka`b ibn Lu`ayy, Amir al- Muminin, Abu Hafs, al-Qurashi, al-`Adawi, al-Faruq.

He accepted Islam in the sixth year of prophecy when he was twenty-seven years old, says adh-Dhahabi.

An-Nawawi says: `Umar was born thirteen years after the Elephant, he was one of the nobility of Quraysh, and he had the role of ambassador in the Jahiliyyah; Quraysh, whenever war broke out among them or between them and others, would send him as an ambassador, i.e. a messenger, and when someone called them to judgement often over a matter of standing or lineage then they sent him as a response to that.

He accepted Islam very early on, after forty other men and eleven women. Some say that it was after thirty-nine men and twenty-three women, and some say, after forty-five men and eleven women. But it was only after he accepted Islam that Islam was shown openly in Makkah and the Muslims rejoiced in him.

He said: He was one of the outstripping first ones, one of the ten for whom it was witnessed that they were for the Garden, one of the khulafa’ who took the right way, one of the in-laws of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, one of the great men of knowledge of the Companions and one of their abstinent people.

Five hundred and thirty-nine hadith from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, are related from him. `Uthman ibn `Affan narrated from him, `Ali (ibn Abi Talib), Talhah (ibn ‘Ubaydillah), Sa`d (ibn Abi Waqqas), `Abd ar-Rahman ibn `Auf, Ibn Mas`ud, Abu Dharr, ‘Amr ibn ‘Abasah and his son `Abdullah, Ibn `Abbas, Ibn az-Zubayr, Anas, Abu Hurairah, ‘Amr ibn al-‘As, Abu Musa al-Ash’ari, al-Bara’ ibn ‘Azib, Abu Sa’id al-Khudri, and a great number of the Companions and others, may Allah be pleased with them.

I say: I attach here some sections in which there are some sections of interest connected to his biography.

The reports on his acceptance of Islam

Ibn `Umar narrated that: The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘O Allah, strengthen Islam with whoever is more beloved to You of these two men: `Umar ibn al-Khattab or Abu Jahl ibn Hisham.’ This has been narrated from hadith of Ibn Mas`ud and Anas, may Allah be pleased with them.

Ibn `Abbas related that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘O Allah, strengthen Islam by `Umar ibn al-Khattab especially.’ This has been narrated in hadith of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq and Thawban.

`Umar said: I went out to confront the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and found that he had preceded me to the mosque (of Makkah). I stood behind him and he began by reciting Suratu’l-Haqqah. I was astonished by the composition of the Qur’an, so I said, ‘By Allah, this is a poet as Quraysh say.’ Then he recited, ‘It is truly the saying of a noble messenger, and it is not the saying of a poet, how little you believe…’ (Qur’an 69: 40) to the end of the ayah, and Islam came about in my heart.

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