Ummahatu ‘l-Mumineen (Mothers of the Believers, Wives of Sayyidina Muhammad)

Lineages of the Wives of the Prophet

شجرة نسب أمهات المؤمنين وإلتقاءه بنسب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم



Genealogical tree of the Prophet (s) showing his family relationships with his wives, the Mothers of the Believers

A. Sayyida KHADIJAH (r)  [Bahasu Indonesia]

This noble lady belonged to the Quraish tribe. She is also known as “Khatijatul Kubra” or “Khadijah the Great.”  Sayyiduna Rasulullah (s) married her when he was 25 years old and she was 40 years old. She was a very devoted wife, companion and counselor, ever ready to stand by Sayyiduna Rasulullah (s) in all trials and tribulations. She proved to be an immense support and help to the Cause of Islam. She passed away at the age of 65 years on the 11th of Ramadaan – 10 years after the first revelation. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (s) has said about her: “The noblest women of the world are Sayyida Mariam (alaiha as-salaam) and Sayyida Khadijah (r).” (Bukhari Shareef)

B. Sayyida SA’UDA (r)  [Bahasu Indonesia]

Sayyida Sa’uda (r) was a widow and the daughter of Sayyida Zama (r). She married Sayyiduna Rasulullah (s) after Sayyida Khadijah (r) had passed away. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was then 55 years old.  She was generous, affectionate and kind. The reason for his marriage was that he needed someone to care for his children so that he could concentrate on the heavy responsibilities of Prophethood. Sayyida Aisha Siddiqa (r) has said about her: “It is only Sa’uda, on seeing whom, I wish my soul lived in her body.” Sayyida Sa’uda (r) passed away in 55 A.H.

C. Sayyida AISHA SIDDIQA (r)  [Bahasu Indonesia]

She was the daughter of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (r) and was unmarried. In the 10th year of the mission, Sayyiduna Rasulullah (s) married her. Since she was very young at the time of her marriage, she only began to live with him in Madinatul Munawwarah in 2 A.H. He married Sayyida Aisha Siddiqa (r) in order to strengthen the ties of friendship with Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (r), his closest friend and also so that she could teach other women.  Sayyida Aisha (r) led a very simple life without comfort and luxury. She dressed very simple. She served Sayyiduna Rasulullah (s) with utmost devotion and he loved her very much. She led a very pious life.

When Sayyiduna Rasulullah (s) passed away, she was 25 years old. Thereafter, she lived for another 48 years and saw the rule of all the four Khulafaa.  She is remembered for her intelligence, intuition, her knowledge of Hadith and principles of religion, secrets of Islamic knowledge, Arabic literature, piety and Islamic Fiqh. She became a great Madani (person of Madinatul Munawwarah) scholar and knew several thousand Ahadith by heart. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (s) himself used to teach her and answer her questions. She used to also teach other women. A great Scholar, Imam Zahri (r), has said about her: “Sayyida Aisha’s (r) knowledge will surpass the knowledge of all the males and Mothers of the Faithful put together.”

D. Sayyida HAFSA (r)

She was the daughter of Sayyiduna Umar (r) and was a widow. In 2 or 3 A.H. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (s) married her. He also gave his own daughter, Sayyida Umm Kulthum (r), in marriage to Sayyiduna ‘Uthman (r).  She was a very learned person and spent most of her time in reading and writing. Sayyiduna Rasulullah (s) had personally taught her with the result that she was an authority on Islamic knowledge. She was also given the original hand-written copy of the Holy Quran to keep. She was very pious and saintly. She passed away in the month of Shabaan 45 A.H.

E. Sayyida ZAYNAB (r)

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