Al-`Aqidah An-Nasafiyyah

Allah the Exalted is the Creator of the actions of the slaves be it blasphemy, belief, obedience and disobedience all of which are by His Will, Ruling, Creating and Destining. The slaves do voluntary actions f or which they are rewarded or punished and the good among their actions are accepted by Allah and the abhorrent among them are not accepted. Ones capability being the actual ability with which the action is done is created at the time of the action. The term capability also applies to the soundness of the causes, instruments and limbs and the accountability is valid due to this capability[18]. The slave is not made accountable for that of which he is not capable. The encountered pain after hitting a human being and the breakage in the glass after a human being breaks it and what is similar to that are all created by Allah the Exalted and the slave does not create any of it. The killed person is dead due to the advent of his death time and the death that stands in the dead person is Allah ‘s—the Exalted—creation and the slave has no input whether in creating or acquiring. The death time is one[19].

 The unlawful is called sustenance and everyone collects his sustenance whether lawful or unlawful. It is not perceived that a person does not consume his sustenance or that other than him consumes it.

 Allah the Exalted makes whomever He Willed misguided and guides whomever He Willed. What is best for the slave is not obligatory upon Allah the Exalted[20].

 The torture of the grave for the blasphemers and some of the sinful believers and the enjoyments therein for the obedient people and the questioning by Munkar and Nakir are confirmed by the indications of the conveyed texts. Resurrection is true, Weighing is true, the Book is true, the Questioning is true, the Basin is true, the Bridge is true, Paradise is true, the Fire is true and both are now created and exist and will remain and will not annihilate and their occupants will not annihilate. The enormous sin does not take the slave out of belief and does not make him engaged in blasphemy. Allah  the Exalted does not forgive that one associates partners with Him and forgives what is less than that among small and enormous sins to whomever He Wills. It is permissible to punish for the small sin and forgive the enormous sin so long one does not legitimize them and legitimizing them is blasphemy. The intercession for the enormous sinners by the Messengers and the choicest ones is confirmed in abundant reports. The enormous sinners among the believers do not stay forever in the Fire even if they die without repentance.

 The belief is to believe in what came from Allah the Exalted and to consent to it. As to the doings they inherently increase and the belief does not increase or decrease[21]. Belief and Islam are one and the same and if found in the slave that he believes and consents to it then it is valid for one to say I am a true believer and one ought not to say, ‘I am, God willing, a believer’[22].

 The one who appears to have a sound standing may turn and have a bad standing and the one who appears to have a bad standing may turn and have a good standing. The change pertains to having a good and a bad standing, however, Decreeing one to die as a believer or as a blasphemer is an Attribute of Allah and Allah and His Attributes do not change.[23]

 There is a wisdom in sending Messengers and Allah  the Exalted did send Messengers among humans to humans giving good tidings and warning and elucidating to the people that which they need among the worldly and religious matters and supported the Messengers with miracles that revoke the ordinary course of events.

 The first of the Prophets was Adam, peace be upon him, and the last was Mohammad, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam. Their numbers were narrated in some sayings attributed to the Prophet; however, it is better to not limit them to a number since Allah the Exalted said in Surah Ghafir, Ayah 78:

     وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا رُسُلاً مِّن قَبْلِكَ مِنْهُم مَّن قَصَصْنَا عَلَيْكَ وَمِنْهُم مَّن لَّمْ نَقْصُصْ عَلَيْكَ        

The Ayah means: we did aforetime send Messengers before you: of them there are some whose story We have related to you, and some whose story We have not related to you.

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