Etiquettes of Reading and Handling the Qur’an al-Kareem

That (this) is indeed a noble Qur’an In a Book kept hidden Which none toucheth save the purified, A Revelation from the Lord of the Worlds. Surat Al-Waq`ia

The classical scholars of Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l Jama`at (the four schools) are unanimous in their interpretation of the above verses that a person has to be spiritually and physically clean  (a Muslim in a state of ritual puity, i.e. in wudu) in order to handle the Arabic book of the Quran (mushaf).

What follows is the thoughts of Imam Muhammad ibn Ahmad Qurtubi who was a great Qur’an Scholar and renowned exegisate of the Qur’an.

Etiquettes of Reading and Handling the Qur’an al-Kareem

It is unlawful (haram) for someone not in the state of wudu to carry a Qur’an, even by a trap or in a box , or touch it, whether its writing, the spaces between its lines, its margins, binding, the carrying strap attached to it, or the bag or box it is in.

The opinion expressed in Fiqh al-Sunnah that it is permissible to touch the Qur’an without ritual purity is a deviant view contrary to all four schools of jurisprudence (fiqh) that is Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i and Hanbali and is impermissible to teach (except to teach that it is deviant).

It is permissible to carry books of Sacred Law (Shari’ah), hadith, or Qur’anic tafsir, provided that most of their text is not Qur’an.

One should not use saliva on the fingers to turn the pages of the Qur’an.

When one fears that a Qur’an may burn, get soaked, that a non-Muslim may touch it, or that it may come into contact with some filth, then one must pick it up if there is no safe place for it, even if one is not in the state of wudu or is in need of the obligatory bath, though performing the dry ablution (tayummum) is required if possible.

It is forbioden to use the Qur’an or any book of Islamic knowledge as a pillow.

Imam Muhammad ibn Ahmad Qurtubi says in “al-Jami’ li ahkam al-Qur’an“:

It is the inviolability of the Qur’an:

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