Hadith: “My Life is a Great Good for You” and Lake-Fount Hadiths

12. Albânî himself in his edition of Fad.l al-S.alât. A third, weak chain is related from Bakr al-Muzanî by al-H.ârith ibn Abî Usâma in his Musnad (2:884 §953) as per Ibn H.ajar in al-Mat.âlib al-`Âliya (4:23) and Ibn Sa`d in his T.abaqât as per al-Munâwî (3:401 §3771). Al-Qâd.î `Iyâd. cites it in al-Shifâ (p. 58 §6) and al-Sakhâwî in al-Qawl al-Badî` (p. 324). Al-Albânî declared the h.adîth weak on the grounds that some authorities questioned the memorization of one of its narrators, the Murji’ h.adîth Master `Abd al-Majîd ibn `Abd al-`Azîz ibn Abî Rawwâd. However, he was retained by Muslim in his S.ah.îh. and declared thiqa by Yah.yâ ibn Ma`în, Ah.mad, Abû Dâwûd, al-Nasâ’î, Ibn Shâhîn, al-Khalîlî, and al-Dâraqut.nî while al-Dhahabî lists him in Man Tukullima Fîhi wa-Huwa Muwaththaq (p. 124) as stated by Mamdûh. in Raf` al-Minâra (p. 163, 167). Al-Arna’ût. and Ma`rûf declare him thiqa in Tah.rîr al-Taqrîb (2:379 §4160) as well as `Itr in his edition of al-Dhahabî’s Mughnî (1:571 §3793) and al-Ah.dab in Zawâ’id Târîkh Baghdâd (10:464). Even if al-Albânî’s grading were hypothetically accepted, then the weak musnad narration in conjunction with the sound mursal one – graded s.ah.îh. by him – would yield a final grading of h.asan or s.ah.îh., not d.a`îf! In addition to this, Mamdûh. quoted al-Albânî’s own words in the latter’s attempted refutation of Ismâ`îl al-Ans.ârî entitled Kitâb al-Shaybânî (1:134-135) whereby “The sound mursal h.adîth is a proof in all Four Schools and other than them among the Imâms of the principles of h.adîth and fiqh, therefore it is apparent to every fair-minded person that the position whereby such a h.adîth does not form a proof only because it is mursal, is untenable.” This is one of many examples in which al-Albânî not only contradicts, but soundly refutes himself. Shaykh H.asanayn Muhammad Makhlûf wrote in his Fatâwâ Shar`iyya (1:91-92): “The hadîth means that the Prophet upon him blessings and peace, is a great good for his Community during his life, because Allâh the Exalted has preserved the Community, through the secret of the Prophet’s presence, upon him blessings and peace, from misguidance, confusion, and disagreement, and He has guided the people through the Prophet upon him blessings and peace, to the manifest truth; and that after Allâh took back the Prophet upon him blessings and peace, our connection to the latter’s goodness continues uncut and the extension of his goodness endures, overshadowing us. The deeds of the Community are shown to him every day, and he glorifies Allâh for the goodness that he finds, while he asks for His forgiveness for the small sins, and the alleviation of His punishment for the grave ones: and this is a tremendous good for us. There is therefore ‘goodness for the Community in his life, and in his death, goodness for the Community.’ Moreover, as has been established in the h.adîth, the Prophet upon him blessings and peace, is alive in his grave with a special ‘isthmus-life’ stronger than the lives of the martyrs which the Qur’ân spoke of in more than one verse. The nature of these two kinds of life cannot be known except by their Bestower, the Glorious, the Exalted. He is able to do all things. His showing the Community’s deeds to the Prophet upon him blessings and peace, as an honorific gift for him and his Community is entirely possible rationally and documented in the reports. There is no leeway for its denial; and Allâh guides to His light whomever He pleases; and Allâh knows best.”

II. The Hadith of the Lake-Fount

These hadiths refer to the hypocrites who lived around the Prophet  upon him blessings and peace, and whose outward status and designation in his life were the same as the Companions. The Prophet upon him blessings and peace, confirmed this designation when he said to Abd Allah ibn Abd Allah ibn Ubay ibn Salul who had offered to kill his own father, who was the chief hypocrite in Madina: “No, lest people say: Muhammad kills his own companions.” Note that the Prophet MHMD upon him blessings and peace, in his immense mercy, never despaired that they would repent and he lavished even upon those of them who harmed him the most, his persistant consideration and unfathomable generosity. Thus, among those outwardly designated “Companions” will be the unrepentent hypocrites and those who committed ridda, both of whose types are in reality kuffar. Thus they will come as “Companions” but will be turned away.

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