Salat According to Shafii Fiqh



xmlns:v=”urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml” xmlns:o=”urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office”> Salat According to Shafii Fiqh

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Book of Salat (Shafi`i)

The Five Obligatory Prayers

The Messenger of Allah (s) said: “There are five prayers that Allah obligated the slaves to perform. Whoever performs them properly without belittling their obligation, Allah promised to admit him into Paradise. Whoever leaves them out does not have a promise from Allah to enter Paradise without being punished first. If He willed, He tortures him, and if He willed, He forgives him” – Narrated by Ahmad in his Musnad. As such, it is obligatory to perform each of these five prayers in its due time. It is better to perform each prayer early in its time.

Subh or Fajr (Dawn) Prayer – 2 raka`ats (Cycles)

The true dawn begins when we see light spread at the horizon in the East. When the true dawn appears the Fajr prayer time has begun and this prayer time remains until the first glimpse of the disk of the sun appears on the Eastern horizon.

Zhuhr (Noon) Prayer – 4 raka`ats (Cycles)

Its time begins when the sun has declined westward from the middle of the sky (zenith). The time remains until the length of the shadow of an object becomes equal to that of the object per se, in addition to the length of the shadow of that object when the sun was at its zenith. For example, if the length of your shadow when the sun is at its zenith is 5 feet and you are 6 feet high, then once your shadow becomes 11feet long the Zhuhr prayer time ends.

`Asr (Mid-afternoon) Prayer – 4 raka`ats (Cycles)

As soon as the Dhuhr prayer time ends the Asr prayer time starts. Its time remains until sunset.

Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer – 3 raka`ats (Cycles)

After the entire disk of the sun has set, then the Maghrib prayer time begins. This prayer time lasts until the redness has disappeared in the western horizon.

`Isha’ (Nightfall) Prayer – 4 raka`ats (Cycles)

As soon as the Maghrib prayer time is finished the Isha’ prayer time begins. You can be certain that this prayer time is in when you can see many small stars in the sky on a clear night. This prayer time lasts until the true dawn appears.

Conduct of Salat

Sutra

Before a person starts to pray he should place something a short distance in front of him of the place where he prostrates (does sajda). Such an object is called sutra and is used when the person is praying alone. A person passing in front of the person in prayer, should pass on the outside of the sutra. If someone is praying in congregation, then the imam acts as the sutra. The imam, however, must have his own individual sutra in front of him.

Qiblah

Wherever a person is in the world, he should face towards the Ka’bah when he is going to pray. The Ka`bah is in the sacred masjid of Makkah in Saudi Arabi. Facing towards Qiblah (Ka`bah) is a very important condition of performance of prayer.

Niyyah, Intention

After facing the Qiblah the person should make niyyah (intention). The intention is made within his mind, so the person should think about the particular obligatory, optional or nafl prayer he intends to perform.

Takbir Tahrimah – Takbirat al-Ihram

 

After making Niyyah the person should start his prayer saying “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the greatest) raising both of his hands to the shoulders, with fingers stretching to the ear lobes. (For Hanafis, the thumbs should rub against the ear lobes).

He should then fold his hands in between his chest and navel (Shafi`i) or on the navel (Hanafi) with his right hand over the left hand. This time “Allahu Akbar” is called Takbir Tahrimah because after saying Takbir Tahrimah every common and worldly action, talk or movement is forbidden. Throughout the prayer the eyes of the worshiper should point to the spot where the forehead rests in sajda.

Recitation Before Surat al-Fatiha

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