Salat According to Shafii Fiqh

قُلْ أَعوذُ بِرَبِّ الْفَلَقِ۞ مِنْ شَرِّ ما خَلَقَ۞ وَ مِنْ شَرِّ غاسِقٍ إِذا وَقَبَ۞ وَ مِنْ شَرِّ النَّـفَّثَّـتِ في الْعُقَدِ۞ وَمِنْ شَرِّ حاسِدٍ إِذَا حَسَدَ۞

Qul a`udhu bi rabbi’l-falaq min sharri ma khalaq wa min sharri ghasiqin idha waqab wa min sharri’n-nafaathati fi’l-`uqad wa min sharri hasidin idha hasad.

Say: “I seek refuge in the Lord of the dawn, from the evil of all that He has treated, and from the evil of the darkness of night when it falls, and from the evil of those (charmers) who blow into knots. And from the evil of the envier when he envies.”

Surat an-Nas

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ

قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ النَّاسِ۞ مَلِكِ النَّاسِ۞ إِلهِ النَّاسِ۞ مِنْ شَرِّ الْوَسُواسِ الْخَنَّاسِ۞ الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ۞ مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَ النَّاسِ۞

Qul a`udhu bi rabbi ‘n-nas maliki ‘n-nas ilahi ‘n-nas, min sharri ‘l-was-wasi ‘l-khannas alladhee yuwaswisu fee sudoori ‘n-nas min al-jinnati wa ‘n-nas.

Say: “I seek refuge in the sustainer of mankind. the Owner of Mankind, Lord of Mankind. From the evil of the sneaking whisperer. Who whispers in the hearts of mankind. (Whether he be) from among jinns or mankind.”

Ruku` –  Bowing

Then the person praying should say “Allahu Akbar” raising both his hands to shoulder level with the palms facing outwards and fingers stretching to earlobes. He should then bend in ruku` so that his trunk (i.e. from head to hips) is perpendicular to the rest of the body. His hands should rest on his knees with the fingers spread apart, taking care that his arms do not touch his body. The person should be calm and composed in the ruku` posture and not hurry it.

سُبْحانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظيم

Then he should read :”Subhana Rabbiyy al-`azeem” at least three times. This means: “Glory be to my Lord Who is the Greatest.”

Perfection of Ruku` and Sajda

Abi Masud al Badri (r) reported that the Messenger of Allah (s) said:

“Allah does not consider the prayer of a man who does not straighten his back when bowing for ruku` and performing Sajdah.” (Ibn Khuzaimah, Ibn Hibban, Tabrani)

Abi Qatadah (r) reported that the Messengerof Allah (s) said: ‘The worst thief is one who steals in his prayer.”

Then the companions asked, How can someone steal from his prayer?” Prophet (s) answered, “He does complete his ruku` and sajda with perfection.” (Ahmad, Tabrani, Ibn Khuzaimah, Hakim).

These hadiths prove that ruku` and sajda should be done calmly, slowly and perfectly. Otherwise the salat of the person will be deficient.

Qawmah/I`tidal - Standing after Ruku`

After the perfect ruku` the person praying should raise his head from ruku` saying:

سَمِعَ اللهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَه

Sami` allahu liman hamidah “Verily Allah listens to the one who praises Him.”

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