Use of Lesser Grades of Hadith for Encouraging Good Virtues

“So he who transmitted from Ahmad that he used to use weak hadith to support his opinion, that is: neither authentic in grade nor good, he made a mistake about Ahmad.” [wa man naqala 'an Ahmad annahu kaana yahtaju bil-hadith ad-da'eef alladhee laysa bi sahih wa laa hasan faqad ghalata 'alayh].

para 486:

“And this hadith and the like Ahmad calls it weak, and he accepted it as a support of his view.” [fa hadha al-hadith wa amthaalahu yusammeehi Ahmad da'eefan wa YAHTAJU BIHI].

Ibn Taymiyya’ Confusion

So we see here that Ibn Taymiyya on one hand is saying, that Ahmad did NOT use WEAK HADITH for encouraging what is ordered by a shari’ah ruling AND that whoever said he did was wrong; whereas four paragraphs later he completely reverses himself and says that Ahmad called a hadith WEAK *and* he ACCEPTED IT to encourage someone to keep what is ordered by a shari’ah ruling! This is a disturbing method which we will see Ibn Taymiyya employ in numerous other places. We question here: was it intentional or was he just confused???

Here we quote from the muhaqqiq of Ibn Taymiyya’s book, Dr. Rabi’a bin Hadi ‘Umayr al-Mudkhali, professor in the Islamic University of Madinah al-Munawwara, in his footnote on paragraph 423, where says,

“I didn’t find this hadith and I am afraid that Shaykh ul-Islam’s mind has gone to the other hadith of Abu Hurayra (ra), that says “Allah has angels wandering on earth, in addition to what is in the record of deeds of the people; and when they find a group remembering Allah, they call each other ‘come unto what you desired’ and they come. And they surround them until the lowest sky. Allahs says, ‘what were My servants doing when you left them?’ They say, ‘we left them thanking You, praising You and remembering You.’…” Imam Ahmad, 2/251, Tirmidhi 5/579, 130 Chapter of what has been narrated regarding what Allah has wandering angels on earth. Tirmidhi said the hadith is hasanan sahih, #3600, and Ad-Darimi 2/225, hadith #2777″

So we see here, that even today’s scholars of Islam, who follow his own school, the Salafi/Wahabi school, admitted to Ibn Taymiyya’s confusion and weakness in hadith knowledge. And this is surprising in one who so adamantly accuses countless people of being liars and lying in almost every page of his book.

Peace and Blessings upon the Prophet, his Family, and his Companions

Peace and Blessings upon the Prophet, his Family, and his Companions

© 2012 As-Sunnah Foundation of America

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