Ibn Taymiyya on Tawassul and Shafa`a

“whoever denies the intermediation by means of his supplication [du`a] and his intercession [shafa`a] and whoever denies that Muslims will derive benefit from that is a non-believer [kaafir]. And whoever denies out of ignorance must be educated. If he will persist in his denial and is stubborn, he will be considered a renegade [murtad].”

Imam Ahmad said in his Musnad, Volume 2, page 75:

“Abdullah bin `Umar said that the Prophet (saws) said, ‘I have been asked to choose between the Intercession [as-shafa`a] or to enter half my Nation into Paradise, but I chose the shafa`a because it is more inclusive and more perfect. Do you think it is for the pious? No! It is for the filthy and sinful people.”

And Ibn Majah said, in Volume, page 1444:

“Ibn Jaabir said he heard Salim bin `Aamir that he heard `Auf bin Maalik saying that the Prophet (saws) said, ‘do you know what Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala has given me a choice in this night?’ We said, ‘Allah and His Prophet (saws) know better.’ He said, ‘He gave me a choice between two matters: either to send half my Nation to Paradise or to have the shafa`a. And I chose the shafa`a.’ And we said, ‘O Prophet, ask Allah to make us from those who deserve the shafa`a.’ And the Prophet (saws) said, ‘It is for every Muslim.'” [Muslim said it is authentic]

`Allaama Ibn Qayyim in his book al-Jami` al-Fareed, page 493, comments on the following hadith of Ibn `Abbas (r):

“in the time before the Prophet (saws) the Jews of Khaybar were fighting with the Ghatfaan tribe. When the battle ended the Jews were defeated. They prayed to Allah asking Him, ‘for the sake of Muhammad (bi haqqi Muhammad), the Prophet whom you are sending in the last days, make us defeat this tribe.” When they met again with Ghatfaan they defeated them. Allah mentioned that event in the Qur’an when He said: “From of old they had prayed for victory against the unbelievers” (Baqara, 89), which means they [the Jews] were asking for your sake, O Muhammad, to defeat the unbelievers.”

Peace and Blessings upon the Prophet, his Family, and his Companions

Peace and Blessings upon the Prophet, his Family, and his Companions

© 2012 As-Sunnah Foundation of America

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