Questions on `Aqida

As `Umar said, such false muftis are the enemies of the Religion, misguided and misguiding, and their fatwas are null and void. And Ibn `Umar said: “Do not give any response except with the speaking Qur’an (biqur’anin natiqin) or a Sunna that has precedent (sunnatin madiya). If you do otherwise, you have perished and caused others to perish.” By “the speaking Qur’an” he means unambiguous and unabrogated. And Hudhayfa said: “Other than an Imam [i.e. the Sultan] or a governor, or a man who can tell [i.e. through knowledge of the Sunna] the abrogating verses of the Qur’an from the abrogated, anyone who gives fatwa is an overreaching fool.”

Calling scholars names

Question:

What is the ruling on the person that calls a respected scholars bad names?

Answer:

It varies from fisq to kufr, and our refuge is Allah Most High from the slips of the tongue and obduracy. Examples of bid`a are the excesses committed by Ibn Hazm in his disparagement of the Ulema in his banned book al-Fisal wa al-Nihal; al-Mawdudi against the Ulema; Sayyid Qutb against the Ulema; etc. This bid`a can become kufr when the Ulema as a whole are insulted, or compared to non-Muslims, such as in the statements: “What is this caste system of our Ulema?” or “The approach, methodology, and objectives of the Ulema have all now become invalid” – this is blatant kufr. Close to this also is the specific revilement of the Ash`ari and Maturidi Ulema – who form the massive majority of Ahl al-Sunna – in the books of al-Khajnadi, al-Albani, al-Tuwayjiri, al-Madkhali, and other Wahhabi / “Salafi” writers. The only exception is when the permitted discreditation of certain Ulema by the authorities has solid grounds in the Shari`a, such as the Ulema’s disparagement of Ibn Taymiyya and his followers in certain aspects of `aqida and fiqh, or the jarh of weak narrators, liars, and forgers in hadith. Detailed rulings that pertains to badmouthing the Ulema of Islam can be found in Damad Effendi’s Majma` al-Anhur (p. 695), Tahir al-Bukhari’s Khulasat al-Fatawa printed with al-Lacknawi’s Majmu`at al-Fatawa (Lahore ed. vol. 3-4 p. 388) and other Hanafi manuals.

Is our `aqida the same as that of the Sahaba?

Question:

What is the ruling on a person that says be aware that our aqeedah is different from the Sahabah because we did not have the Prophet (s), and because of fabrications in hadith, therefore we have to be careful what we take into aqeedah, so they say accept only mutawatir hadith?

Answer:

It is impermissible to say that the `aqida of Muslims today is different from that of the Sahaba but Ahl al-Sunna only admit mutawatir-rank evidence as a basis in defining Islamic `aqida. Only a handful of innovators such as Albani differed.

Non-scholar debating without sources

Question:

What is the ruling on a person that is not a scholar and has debates and while he is debating because he is not a scholar does not quote a scholar to support his views?

Answer:

He is a fasiq who is committing a sin and should fear for the light of his faith to be extinguished by wrangling and disputation. One with simple ignorance i.e. with no knowledge is usually less far from admitting his error than one with compounded ignorance, i.e. with some knowledge. The latter may slide down from being a fasiq to being a mubtadi`.

Protection of the Sunnah

Question:

Allah SWT says in the Quran to the nearest meaning that he has protected the Quran. Does that mean also the Hadith/Sunna

Answer:

Yes, because the Sunna is the guarantee that we understand the Qur’an correctly, not like those deviants who call themselves “Qur’an-only”, or extremist Shi`is who lie about the integrity of the Qur’an, or anthropomorphists, or philosophers, or modernists, all of whom do not understand the Qur’an because they have no knowledge of the Sunna. The Sunna is the “non-recited Revelation” (wahyun ghayr matluw) just as the Qur’an is the “recited Revelation” (wahyun matluw).

Does `aqida change over time?

Question:

Does OUR Aqeedah change from generation to generations because we have ahad hadith and mutawatir.

Answer:

No. Al-Hamdulillah, our `aida is that of the Prophet (saws) and the Congregation of the Companions without change, preserved until the end of time as Allah Most High has promised and as the Prophet (saws) guaranteed.

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