Lone-Narrator Reports

3Al-Shafi`i, al-Risala (p. 460-461): “If one disbelieves in them [âhâd reports], we do not say to him: `Repent!'”

4Ibn Hajar, Sharh Nukhba al-Fikar (p. 232).

5Ibn Hajar, Sharh Nukhba al-Fikar (p. 230-231). The knowledge of the expert is named by by Dr. `Itr al-`ilm al-nazarî al-yaqînî ghayr al-darûrî and he places it midway between al-`ilm al-yaqînî al-qat`î al-darûrî which is absolutely binding, and `ilm ghalaba al-zann, which is relatively binding. From the inaugural lecture to the Preparatory Class of Abu al-Nur Institute, Damascus, October 1997.

6Cf. al-Ghazzali, al-Mustasfa (1:135-136); al-Amidi, al-Ihkam fi Usul al-Ahkam, Part 1, section entitled Fi Haqiqa al-Khabar al-Wahid.

7Cf. al-Sarakhsi, al-Usul (1:329-330 Bab fi Qabul Akhbar al-Ahad); al-Pazdawi, al-Usul (1:696).

8Ibn `Abd al-Barr, al-Tamhid (1:7).

9Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (hasan), Abu Dawud with a sound chain, Ahmad with two chains in the Musnad and also in Fada’il al-Sahaba (1:159 #142), and Abu Ya`la and al-Humaydi in their Musnads. It is cited in the books of Tafsir for the verse: {Yet whoso does evil or wrongs his own soul, then seeks pardon of Allah, will find Allah Forgiving, Merciful} (4:110).

10By external knowledge is meant knowledge of obligations and prohibitions as opposed to internal knowledge which concerns doctrine.

11Ibn `Abd al-Barr, al-Tamhid (1:7).

12Cf. Hasan al-Saqqaf, Sahih Sharh al-`Aqida al-Tahawiyya (p. 141-142).

13Cf. al-Ghazzali in al-Mustasfa, Ibn al-Salah in `Ulum al-Hadith, al-`Iraqi in Sharh `Ulum al-Hadith, Ibn Kathir in Mukhtasar `Ulum al-Hadith, al-Nawawi in Sharh Muqaddima Muslim, al-Qasimi in Qawa`id al-Tahdith, and the contemporary authorities such as Abu Zahra, Muhammad al-Khudari, al-Ghazzali, and al-Qaradawi, all as quoted from Samer Islambuli’s al-Ahad, al-Naskh, al-Ijma` (p. 27-30). Also see al-Khatib in al-Kifaya fi `Ilm al-Riwaya (p. 34-48) and `Abd al-Qahir al-Baghdadi in Usul al-Din (p. 12). “Any proof in the chapter of doctrine can only be from the revealed Book or the well-known sound hadiths.” Al-Kawthari, commentary on al-Subki’s al-Sayf al-Saqil (p. 173 n.).

14Al-Bayhaqi, al-Asma’ wa al-Sifat (Kawthari ed. p. 357, Hashidi ed. 2:201).

15Cf. Ibn al-Qayyim, al-Albani in his essay entitled “The Lone-Narrated Hadith is a Proof in Itself,” and those who followed them.

16From the inaugural lecture to the Preparatory Class of Abu al-Nur Institute, Damascus, October 1997.

17Siyar A`lam an-Nubala’ (10/20), Hilya (9:105), Ibn Abi Hatim’s Adab al-Shafi`i (p. 231) and others.

18Al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, Al-Faqih wa al-Mutafaqqih (1:132).

 

Peace and Blessings upon the Prophet, his Family, and his Companions

© 2012 As-Sunnah Foundation of America

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