Love and Respect for the Companions of the Prophet (s)

A Commentary of Al-Qadi `Iyad’s Book

Al-Shifa’ Fi Ma`rifa Huquq Al-Mustafa

(The Healing in the Knowledge of the Prophet’s Rights):

Chapter 3, Section 6: Respect for his Companions, devotion to them and recognising what is due to them

Qadi `Iyad said: Part of respecting and obeying the Prophet consists in respecting his Companions, obeying them, recognizing what is due to them, following them, praising them, asking forgiveness for them, refraining from discussing their differences, showing enmity to those who are hostile towards them and shunning the misguidance of the Shi`a and the innovators and the reports of any historians or ignorant transmitters who detract from any of them. If there is something equivocal which is reported about them regarding the trials that took place between them, then adopt the best interpretation and look for the most correct way out of it since that is what they deserve. None of them should be mentioned in a bad manner nor are they to be blamed for anything. Rather, we mention their good deeds, their virtues and their praiseworthy lives, and are silent about anything else.

The Prophet said:

idha dhukira ashabi fa amsiku.

“When my Companions are mentioned, hold back.”

al-Suyuti said in al-Durr al-manthur, in commenting on the verses 97 of Surat al-An`am (“And He it is Who hath set for you the stars that ye may guide your course by them amid the darkness of the land and the sea. We have detailed Our revelations for a people who have knowledge”): al-Khatib narrated from `Umar:

I heard Allah’s Messenger say: ”Do not ask about what is in the stars, and do not explain the Qur’an according to your opinion, and do not insult any of my Companions: that is true faith.”

Suyuti continues: Ibn Mardawayh, al-Murhabi, and al-Khatib narrated that Maymun ibn Mahran said to Ibn `Abbas: Admonish me. Ibn `Abbas replied: I exhort you to fear Allah, to stay away from astrology because it is an invitation to divination, to beware of mentioning any of the Companions of Allah’s Messenger except in good, otherwise Allah will throw you headlong into Jahannam, for Allah has made this Religion triumph through them; and beware of all talk about the Decree, for two people do not talk about it except one or both of them commit sin.”

Allah said:

“Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are hard against the unbelievers, merciful to the believers…” (48:29)

and

The outstrippers, the first of the Muhajirun and the Ansars,” (9:100)

and

“Allah was pleased with the believers when they gave allegiance to you under the tree,” (48:18)

and

“Men who were true to their contract with Allah.” (33:23)

Hudhayfa said that the Messenger of Allah said:

iqtadu bi al-ladhina min ba`di abi bakrin wa `umar.

“Take for your leaders/guides those after me, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar.”

And the Prophet said:

ashabi kal-nujum bi ayyihim iqtadaytum ihtadaytum.

“My Companions are like stars. Whichever of them you use as a guide, you will be rightly guided.”

al-Qari said in his commentary on al-Shifa’ (2:91):

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