Answer to The Second Question
You see from the first question that we have answered it in brief. And if you carefully read our first answer, you will find that most of your other five questions are already answered there.
>> 2. “Are there any *dhaleels* (proofs & evidences) from the >> Quran in regards to Tasawwauf? If there are, then please state >> them expilicitly?”
Allah Describes Tazkiyyat an-Nafs as One Duty of the Prophet (s)
As we mentioned previously, the daleel from the Qur’an:
“Hua-alladhee ba’atha fi ummeeyyin Rasulan minhum, yatlu ‘alayhim ayaatihi wa yuzzakihim wa yu’allimahum al-kitaaba wal-hikmatahata wa in kaanu min qablu lafee dalaalin mubeen.”
“He is the one Who raised among the inhabitants of Mecca a Messenger from among themselves, who recites to them His communications and purifies them, and teaches them the Book and the Wisdom, although they were before certainly in clear error.”
That term ‘wa yuzakkihim‘ (purifies them) we have explained above and in the preceding introduction yesterday.
Then Allah mentioned in another verse,
“wa nafsin wa maa sawaaha fa-alhamaha fujuraha wa taqwaha. Qad aflaha man zakaaha wa qad khaaba man das-saaha”
“By the nafs and the proportion and order given to it, and its inspiration as to its wrong and its right; Truly he succeeds who purifies it, and he fails that corrupts it.”
We see here that verse of Qur’an stating the necessity of purifying and cleaning the nafs (tazkiyyat an-nafs) in order to succeed, in this life and the next.
© 2012 As-Sunnah Foundation of America