AHADITH IN PRAISE OF THE ASH`ARIS THE PROPHETIC NARRATIONS IN PRAISE OF THE ASH`ARIS
The Prophet praised the Ash`aris in numerous narrations concerning which al-Qushayri said that they bore not only the external meaning of the tribe of the Companion Abu Musa al-Ash`ari, but also the additional meaning of the followers of his descendent Abu al-Hasan al-Ash`ari, meaning the Ash`ari school. Among these narrations:
(5:54) When Allah revealed this verse, the Prophet pointed to Abu Musa al-Ash`ari and said: “They are that man’s People.”
 Narrated from `Iyad by Ibn Abi Shayba and al-Hakim who said it is sahEEh by Muslim’s criterion, and by al-Tabarani with a sound chain as stated by al-Haythami.  As quoted in al-Qurtubi’s Tafsir (verse 5:54).  As cited in Tabyin Kadhib al-Muftari and Tabaqat al-Shafi`iyya al-Kubra (3:362-363).  Hadith of the Prophet narrated from Anas ibn Malik with a sound (sahih) chain by Ahmad in his Musnad.  Hadith of the Prophet narrated from Abu Hurayra by Bukhari and Muslim in their Sahihs.  Hadith of the Prophet narrated from `Imran ibn Husayn by Bukhari in his Sahih.  Al-Subki, Tabaqat al-Shafi`iyya al-Kubra (3:364).  Hadith of the Prophet narrated from Abu Musa al-Ash`ari by Bukhari and Muslim.  Hadith of the Prophet narrated from Hasan al-Basri in the mode of mursal (missing the Companion link) by Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri in Ibn Sa`d’s Tabaqat. Among those who explained the Ash`aris mentioned in the hadith to include reference to latter-day Ash`aris are Imam Abu al-Qasim al-Qushayri, al-Subki, and Ibn `Asakir.
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© 2012 As-Sunnah Foundation of America