footnotes on fasting in Rajab and Shaban
1al-Jaza’iri, al-Fiqh `ala al-madhahib al-arba`a (Beirut: Dar al-fikr) 1:557.
2Muslim and Abu Dawud relate it in Kitab al-sawm, respectively in the chapter on fasting at times other than Ramadan, and in the chapter of fasting during Rajab, also Ahmad in his Musnad.
3Qastallani in al-Mawahib al-laduniyya (Beirut, 1996) 3:301.
4Kitab al-siyam, Chapter: “Fasting During the Sacred Months.” Also in Ibn Majah and Ahmad, hadith of the man who repeats: “I can bear more,” and to whom the Prophet finally says: “Fast during the sacred months.”
5Nawawi, Sharh Sahih Muslim, Kitab 13 Bab 34 #179.
6Musannaf `Abd al-Razzaq 4:293, Musannaf Ibn Abi Shayba 1:125.
7Muslim relates it in the first chapter of Kitab al-libas, and Ibn Majah in the book of Fasting.
8Ayyam al-tashriq are the Days of drying the meat after the sacrifice of `Id al-Adha = 11, 12, and 13 of Dhu al-hijja.
9Ibn Qudama, al-Mughni (Beirut, 1414/1994 ed.) 3:119.
10al-Haytami, al-Khayrat al-hisan fi manaqib Abi Hanifa al-Nu`man (Cairo: al-Halabi, 1326) p. 40.
11Sharh sahih Muslim Kitab 37 Bab 2 #10.
12Bayhaqi, Shu`ab al-iman 3:368 #3802; Abu Nu`aym, al-Targhib #1821.
13 Ibn Qudama, al-Mughni 3:118-119.
14 Sayyid Sabiq, Fiqh as-sunnah, Alms tax and Fasting, trans. Muhammad Sa`eed Dabas and Jamal al-Din M. Zarabozo (ATP, 1989) p. 127-128.
15 Abu Dawud, Siyam Chapter 54; Bayhaqi, al-Sunan al-kubra 4:291; Suyuti, al-Durr al-manthur 3:235.
16 Ahmad, Musnad 5:201.
17 There is also a Shi`i scholar by the name of Muhammad ibn `Ali ibn Babawayh al-Qummi (d. 380) who wrote Fadai’l al-ashhur al-thalatha: 1. Shahr Rajab, 2. Shahr Sha`ban, 3. Sharh Ramadan (Najaf: Matba`at al-adab, 1396/1976). Neither this volume nor hafiz al-Kattani’s book on the merits of Rajab were available to us.
18 Sayyid Muhammad `Alawi al-Maliki al-Hasani, al-Anwar al-bahiyya min isra’ wa mi`raj khayr al-bariyya (Mecca: s.n., 1414/1993).
19 Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Ghayti (d. 984), Mawsu`at al-isra’ wa al-mi`raj al-musamma Tatriz al-dibaj bi haqa’iq al-isra’ wa al-mi`raj (Beirut: Dar wa-maktaba al-Hilal, 1994).
20 Bukhari and Muslim.
21 al-`Ajluni in Kashf al-khafa (2:244) and al-Qari in al-Asrar al-marfu`a (p. 199) said that the hadith master al-Damyati said that al-Khatib narrated it with a chain that meets the criteria of soundness.
22 Ibn Hajar mentions that the account of the lady who combed the hair of Pharaoh’s daughter is narrated from Ibn `Abbas by Ahmad, al-Hakim, Ibn Hibban, and al-Bazzar, while Muslim in Kitab al-zuhd wa al-raqa’iq (#3005) mentions the part of the infant speaking to his mother before they are both thrown into the fire, and the mention of Yusuf’s witness in verse 12:26 as being an infant is narrated from Ibn `Abbas by Ibn Abi Hatim with a weak chain, and it is held by al-Hasan al-Basri and Sa`id ibn Jubayr. [It is also the explanation retained by Suyuti in Tafsir al-jalalayn.] This brings the number of speaking infants alluded to in the hadith “Those who spoke from the cradle are three” (Bukhari, Muslim, Ahmad) up to five, and there are reports that increase it to seven or more. Allah knows best. Fath al-Bari (1989 ed.) 6:593-594.
23 al-Zabidi, Ithaf al-Sadat al-muttaqin 7:233.
24 Suyuti, Haqiqat al-sunna wa al-bid`a aw al-amr bi al-ittiba` wa al-nahi `an al-ibtida` (1405/1985 ed.) p. 58. He adds: “However, this must be done alone, not in congregation.”
25 Ibn Taymiyya, Iqtida’ al-sirat al-mustaqim (1369/1950 ed.) p. 302.
26 Ibn Hibban, Sahih, ed. Shu`ayb Arna’ut 12:481 #5665.
27 Bayhaqi, Shu`ab al-iman, ed. Zaghlul 3:382 #3835.
28 Tirmidhi, Ahmad, and Ibn Majah. Tirmidhi said that he had heard that Bukhari had graded this hadith weak because some of the sub-narrators did not narrate directly from each other.
29 Ahmad and Ibn Majah. Its chain contains Ibn Abi Sabra who is weak (da`if).
30 `Ali al-Qari, al-Asrar al-marfu`a p. 234-235.
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