The greatness of Ramadan therefore lies in the opportunity it offers for the development of Taqwa – a virtue that allows us to truly participate in that great cosmic celebration in honor of the revelation of the Quran as a Huda to all people, which is, as mentioned earlier, Ramadan itself. It is a virtue furthermore, that allows us to magnify Allah Ta`ala as He ought to be magnified, namely, with complete awareness of our earthly duties and spiritual vocation; and, therefore, to be of those who are truly thankful to Allah. It is a virtue too, which is ultimately celebrated in the Quran itself, for Allah says: ” The best of you are those who have learnt Taqwa” (49 : 13).
Prescribed fasting in the month of Ramadan is one of the pillars of the Islamic faith. No proof is required to establish its being obligatory and one denying it goes out of the fold of Islam, because it is obvious like the prescribed prayer, and in respect of anything so evidently established both the learned and the unlettered, the elderly and the young, all stand on an equal footing.
The fast of Ramadan becomes obligatory when thirty days of the preceding month, Sha`ban, are past or with the seeing of the new moon of Ramadan. This seeing is established with the testimony of one trustworthy witnesses or as some [`ulama] say, two. If one witness is accepted, it is a condition that he must have the quality of veracity… If we should fast because of such testimony and did not see the moon [of Shawwal] after thirty days, we might still end the fast even if the sky was cloudy…
Ghunya al-Talibeen on Sha`ban – Shaykh `Abd al-Qadir Jilani Sha`ban is one of the meritorious months for which we find particular instructions in the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (s). It is reported in authentic ahadith that Prophet Muhammad (s), used to fast most of the month in Sha`ban. These fasts are supererogatory (nafl) and well […]