The greatness of Ramadan therefore lies in the opportunity it offers for the development of Taqwa – a virtue that allows us to truly participate in that great cosmic celebration in honor of the revelation of the Quran as a Huda to all people, which is, as mentioned earlier, Ramadan itself. It is a virtue furthermore, that allows us to magnify Allah Ta`ala as He ought to be magnified, namely, with complete awareness of our earthly duties and spiritual vocation; and, therefore, to be of those who are truly thankful to Allah. It is a virtue too, which is ultimately celebrated in the Quran itself, for Allah says: ” The best of you are those who have learnt Taqwa” (49 : 13).
Prescribed fasting in the month of Ramadan is one of the pillars of the Islamic faith. No proof is required to establish its being obligatory and one denying it goes out of the fold of Islam, because it is obvious like the prescribed prayer, and in respect of anything so evidently established both the learned and the unlettered, the elderly and the young, all stand on an equal footing.
It is imperative during Ramadan to make the intention to fast every night before the dawn of the following day, otherwise the fast is void.
Links to the Videos:Youtube Video – Part 1Youtube Video – Part 2 Shaykh Gibril Fouad Haddad’s reading of Mulla Ali al-Qari’s short treatise on the Islamic etiquette of the holy month of Rajab (al-Adab fee Rajab) in English and Arabic.Mulla Nur al-Din Abu al-Hasan `Ali b. Sultan Muhammad al-Qari al-Harawi thumma al-Makki al-Hanafi (d. 1014/1605) was a polymath […]
The fast of Ramadan becomes obligatory when thirty days of the preceding month, Sha`ban, are past or with the seeing of the new moon of Ramadan. This seeing is established with the testimony of one trustworthy witnesses or as some [`ulama] say, two. If one witness is accepted, it is a condition that he must have the quality of veracity… If we should fast because of such testimony and did not see the moon [of Shawwal] after thirty days, we might still end the fast even if the sky was cloudy…