Ibn Abi Shayba (d. 235 H.)

It is similarly related from the Companion Malik al-Dar3 that the people suffered a drought during the successorship of ‘Umar, whereupon a man came to the grave of the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — and said: “O Messenger of Allah, ask for rain for your Community, for verily they have but perished!” after which the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — appeared to him in a dream and told him: “Go to ‘Umar and give him my greeting, then tell him that they will be watered. Tell him: You must be clever, you must be clever!” The man went and told ‘Umar. The latter said: “O my Lord, I spare no effort except in what escapes my power!” Ibn Kathir cites it thus from al-Bayhaqi in al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya and says: isnaduhu sahih; (i.e. its chain is authentic)4 Ibn Abi Shayba cites it in his Musannaf with a sound (sahih) chain as confirmed by Ibn Hajar who says: rawa Ibn Abi Shayba bi isnadin sahih and cites the hadith in Fath al-Bari.5 He identifies Malik al-Dar as ‘Umar’s treasurer (khazin ‘Umar) and says that the man who visited and saw the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — in his dream is identified as the Companion Bilal ibn al-Harith, and he counts this hadith among the reasons for al-Bukhari’s naming of the chapter “The people’s request to their leader for rain if they suffer drought.” He also mentions it in al-Isaba, where he says that Ibn Abi Khaythama cited it.6

Main Sources: al-Dhahabi, Siyar 9:394-396 #1841 and Tadhkira al-Huffaz 2:423.


1Ibn Abi Shayba, Musannaf (7:277-325).

2Ibn Abi Shayba, Musannaf (4:121).

3″‘Umar ibn al-Khattab’s freedman. He narrated from Abu Bakr and ‘Umar. He was known.” Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqat (5:12). “He is agreed upon (as trustworthy), the Successors have approved highly of him.” Abu Ya’la al-Khalil ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Khalili al-Qazwini, Kitab al-Irshad fi Ma’rifat ‘Ulama’ al-Hadith, ed. Muhammad Sa’id ibn ‘Umar Idris, 1st ed., 3 vols. (Riyad : Maktabat al-Rushd, 1989), as quoted in ‘Abd Allah al-Ghumari, Irgham al-Mubtadi’ al-Ghabi bi Jawaz al-Tawassul bi al-Nabi, ed. Hasan ‘Ali al-Saqqaf, 2nd ed. (Amman: Dar al-Imam al-Nawawi, 1992 p. 9). “Malik ibn ‘Iyad: ‘Umar’s freedman. He is the one named Malik al-Dar. He has seen the Prophet — Allah bless and greet him — and has heard narrations from Abu Bakr al-Siddiq. He has narrated from Abu Bakr and ‘Umar, Mu’adh, and Abu ‘Ubayda. From him narrated Abu Salih al-Saman and his (Malik’s) two sons ‘Awn and ‘Abd Allah…” Ibn Hajar, al-Isaba, chapter of Malik ibn ‘Iyad.

4Ibn Kathir, al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya (7:92).

5Ibn Hajar, Fath al-Bari, Book of istisqa ch. 3 (1989 ed. 2:629-630).

6Ibn Hajar, al-Isaba (6:164 #8350).


Peace and Blessings upon the Prophet, his Family, and his Companions

© 2012 As-Sunnah Foundation of America

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