Importance of `Ashura

In Muslim from Abu Hurayrah (r), the Prophet (s) said: “The best month to fast after Ramadan is the Month of Allah which you call Muharram, and the best of prayers after the obligatory ones are the Night Vigil.”

وأخرج ابن المنذر وابن أبي حاتم والبيهقي في الشعب، عن قيس بن عباد – رضي الله عنه – قال: لله أمر في كل ليلة العاشر من أشهر الحرم، أما العشر من الأضحى، فيوم النحر. وأما العشر من المحرم، فيوم عاشوراء. وأما العشر من رجب، ففيه {يمحو الله ما يشاء ويثبت} قال: ونسيت ما قال في ذي القعدة.

Qays ibn `Abbaad (r) said:

To Allah belongs the command on the tenth night of every sacred month. As for the tenth of the [month of] sacrifice, that is the Day of Sacrifice. As for the tenth of Muharram, that is the day of `Āshūra. As for the tenth of Rajab, in it [Allah revealed about it] “Allah doth blot out or confirm what He pleaseth.”  [13:39] and I forgot what he said about Dhu’l-Qa`idah.

وأخرج ابن عساكر عن خالد الزيات قال: بلغنا أن نوحا عليه السلام ركب السفينة أول يوم من رجب وقال لمن معه من الجن والإنس: صوموا هذا اليوم فإنه من صامه منكم بعدت عنه النار مسيرة سنة، ومن صام منكم سبعة أيام أغلقت له أبواب جهنم السبعة، ومن صام منكم ثمانية أيام فتحت له أبواب الجنة الثمانية، ومن صام منكم عشرة أيام قال الله له: سل تعطه، ومن صام منكم خمسة عشر يوما قال الله له: استأنف العمل قد غفرت لك ما مضى، ومن زاد زاده الله. فصام نوح عليه السلام في السفينة رجب، وشعبان، ورمضان، وشوالا، وذا القعدة، وذا الحجة، وعشرا من المحرم، فأرست السفينة يوم عاشوراء فقال نوح عليه السلام لمن معه من الجن والإنس: صوموا هذا اليوم.

Khalid az-Zeeyaat said:

It has reached us that on the first of Rajab Allah Sayyidina Nuh (as) set sail in the ark and he fasted and ordered all those with him from Jinn and mankind to do so saying: Fast this day for verily whoever among you fasts it, will be brought far from the Fire the distance of one year’s travel; … Sayyidina Nuh (as) fasted in the Ark the months of Rajab, Sha`ban, Ramadan, Shawwal, Dhul-Q`idah and Dhul-Hijjah and ten days of Muharram. Then the Ark came to rest on `Āshūra and Nuh (as) said to all those who were with him from Jinn and humankind, “Fast this day.”

قال الزمخشري‎:‎ خصه من بين الأشهر الحرم لمكان عاشوراء فأفضل الأشهر لصوم التطوع المحرم ثم رجب ثم بقية الأشهر الحرم ثم شعبان

The scholar Az-Zamakhshari said: [Muharram’s] distinction among the sacred months is due to `Āshūra. The best of the months for the voluntary fast is Muharram, then Rajab then the rest of the sacred months and then Sha`bān.

It is related from Ibn Mas`ud that he said: “It is incumbent upon the believer to intend spending Laylat al-Qadr in prayer from the very first night of the month of Muharram (the first month of the year) to the end of the year, so that he will most certainly chance upon it.”

Shah Bahauddin Naqshband Muhammad al-Uwaisi al-Bukhari is the Master of this Tariqat and the Imam of the Golden Chain and the best of those who carried this lineage from the Khwajagan. He was born in the month of Muharram, in 717 H./1317 CE, in the village of Qasr al-‘Arifan near Bukhara.

We are asking Allah (swt) to dress us for the sake of that one who gave up himself – and how many gave themselves up for sake of our benefit – and the first of them and greatest was Sayyidina Muhammad (s) who said:

ما أوذي نبي مثلما أوذيت

“I was the most tortured among all the prophets.”

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