“Allah is Now as He Ever Was”


Notes

[1]As cited by `Abd al-Qahir al-Baghdadi (d. 429) in his al-Farq Bayn al-Firaq (p. 256).

[2]Narrated from ‘Imran ibn Husayn by al-Bukhari, Sahih, book of the Beginning of Creation. See above, n. 432 for other wordings of this hadith.

[3]Abu Hanifa, Wasiyya al-Imam al-A’zam Abu Hanifa, ed. Fu’ad `Ali Rida (Beirut : Maktabat al-Jamahir, 1970) p. 10.

[4]Ibn `Abd al-Salam, al-Mulha fi I`tiqad Ahl al-Haqq in his Rasa’il al-Tawhid (p. 11).

[5]In Tabyin Kadhib al-Muftari (Saqqa ed. p. 150).

[6]In Tabaqat al-Shafi`iyya al-Kubra (9:79).

[7]In TSK (9:41).

[8]In TSK (9:43).

[9]Or: “He created place and all that takes place.”

[10]I.e. I am in no need of either of you.

[11]Lâ tarji`u ilayhi sifatun lam yakun `alayhâ min sun`ati al-masnû `â t.

[12] The Prophet ( said: “Allah was when there was nothing else than Him, and His Throne was upon the water, and He wrote in the Reminder (al-dhikr) all things, and He created the heavens and the earth.” Narrated from ‘Imran ibn Husayn by al-Bukhari, Sahih, book of the Beginning of Creation. There are other wordings of this hadith such as the wordings: kâ na allâ hu wa lâ shay’a ma`ahu / ghayruhu / qablahu - “Allah was and there was nothing other than Him /together with Him /before Him.” Narrated from Burayda by al-Hakim in al-Mustadrak (2:341), who declared it sound (sahîh) – al-Dhahabi concurred – and from `Imran ibn Husayn by Bukhari, Ibn Hibban with two sound chains in his Sahih (14:7 #6140, 14:11 #6142), and Ibn Abi Shayba in his Musannaf.

[13]From `Uthman Yahya’s edition of al-Futuhat al-Makkiyya (1:164), Part Three of “The Meccan Conquest,” chapter entitled “Attachment Comprising the Essential Creed of All, Which is the Doctrine of the People of Islam Agreed To Without Examining the Proof Nor the Presentation of Evidence.”

[14]In his al-Tawdih `an Tawhid al-Khallaq fi Jawab Ahl al-`Iraq (1319/1901, p. 34, and new ed. al-Riyad: Dar Tibah, 1984).

[15] Cf. Al-Bayhaqi, al-Asma’ wa al-Sifat, chapter entitled “The Beginning of Creation”: Allah ( said: (He it is Who produces creation then reproduces it( (30:27). `Abd Allah ibn `Amr ibn al-`As narrated that the Prophet ( said: “Allah foreordained (qaddara) all the destinies (al-maqâdîr) before creating the heavens and the earth by fifty thousand years.” [Narrated from `Abd Allah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As by al-Tirmidhi (hasan sahîh gharîb) and Ahmad; also by Muslim with the following wording: “Allah inscribed (kataba) the destinies of all created things before creating the heavens and the earth by fifty thousand years, while His Throne stood upon the water (wa `arshuhu `alâ al-mâ ‘).”] `Imran ibn Husayn narrated … that the Prophet said – Allah bless and greet him: “Allah was when there was nothing other than Him. His Throne stood upon the water….” His words “Allah was when nothing was other than Him” indicate that there was nothing else other than Him – neither water, nor the Throne, nor anything else, since all of that is “other than Him.” His words: “His Throne stood upon the water” means that He then created water, and He created the Throne upon the water, after which He inscribed all things in the Remembrance, as we narrated in the hadith of `Abd Allah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As.

[16]Narrated from Mujahid from Ibn ‘Abbas by `Abd ibn Humayd as mentioned by al-Suyuti in al-Durr al-Manthur for the verse {Lo! We have created every thing by measure} (54:49).

[17]Part of a longer hadith narrated from Abu Hurayra by al-Bukhari, Tirmidhi (hasan sahî h), and Ibn Majah; and from Abu Sa`id al-Khudri by al-Bukhari, Muslim, and Ahmad.

[18]Ibn Hajar, Fath al-Bari (1959 ed. 13:409f.). Ibn Hajar elsewhere (6:290 #3019) examines the different versions of the hadith “Allah was and there was nothing other than/ with/ before Him” to conclude that the evidence pointed to the creation of water first, then the Throne, then the Pen.

[19]In al-Munawi, Fayd al-Qadir, under the entry for the hadith: “Allah inscribed the destinies of all created things before creating the heavens and the earth by fifty thousand years, while His Throne stood upon the water.” Narrated from `Abd Allah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As by al-Tirmidhi (hasan sahîh gharîb) and Ahmad; also by Muslim with the following wording: “Allah inscribed (kataba) the destinies of all created things before creating the heavens and the earth by fifty thousand years, while His Throne stood upon the water (wa `arshuhu `alâ al-mâ ‘).”

Peace and Blessings upon the Prophet, his Family, and his Companions

Peace and Blessings upon the Prophet, his Family, and his Companions

© 2012 As-Sunnah Foundation of America

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