Imam al-Kawthari

Muhammad Zahid ibn Hasan al-Kawthari al-Hanafi al-Ash`ari (1296-1371), the adjunct to the last Shaykh al-Islam of the Ottoman Caliphate and a major Hanafi jurist praised by Imam Muhammad Abu Zahra as a Reviver (mujaddid) of the fourteenth Islamic century.1 He studied under his father as well as the scholar of Qur’an and hadith Ibrahim Haqqi (d. 1345), Shaykh Zayn al-`Abidin al-Alsuni (d. 1336), Shaykh Muhammad Khalis al-Shirwani, al-Hasan al-Aztuwa’i, and others. When the Caliphate fell he moved to Cairo, then Sham, then Cairo again until his death, where the late Shaykhs `Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghudda and `Abd Allah al-Ghumari became his students. Following is his prestigious chain of transmission in fiqh:

Imam al-Kawthari (d. 1371) took fiqh from his father, and also from the hadith master Ibrahim Haqqi (d. 1345) and from Shaykh Zayn al-’Abidin al-Alsuni (d. 1336). Al-Kawthari’s father took fiqh from the hadith master Ahmad Dya’ al-Din al-Kamushkhanawi al-Naqshbandi (d. 1311) the author of the hadith index Ramuz al-Ahadith. who took fiqh from Sayyid Ahmad al-Arwadi (d. 1275) who took fiqh from the hadith master Muhammad Amin, Ibn `Abidin (d. 1252), whose chain is given elsewhere.

Both Haqqi and Alsuni took fiqh from the hadith master Ahmad Shakir (d.1315) who took fiqh from the hadith master Muhammad Ghalib (d. 1286) who took fiqh from Sulayman ibn al-Hasan al-Kraydi (d. 1268) who took fiqh from Ibrahim al-Akhiskhawi (d. 1232) who took fiqh from Muhammad Munib al-`Aynatabi (d. 1238) who took fiqh from Isma`il ibn Muhammad al-Qunawi (d. 1195) who took fiqh from `Abd al-Karim al-Qunawi al-Amidi (d.1150) who took fiqh from Muhammad al-Yamani al-Azhari (d. 1135) who took fiqh from `Abd al-Hayy al-Shurunbulali who took fiqh from Abu al-Ikhlas al-Hasan al-Shurunbulali (d. 1069) who took fiqh from `Abd Allah ibn Muhammad al-Nuhrayri and from Shams al-Din Muhammad al-Muhibbi al-Qahiri (d. 1041) who both took fiqh from `Ali al-Maqdisi (d. 1004) who took fiqh from Ahmad ibn Yunus al-Shalabi (d. 948) who took fiqh from `Abd al-Barr ibn al-Shahna (d. 921) who took fiqh from Imam al-Kamal ibn al-Humam (d. 861) who took fiqh from Siraj al-Din `Umar ibn `Ali Qari’ al-Hidaya (d. 829) who took fiqh:

1) from `Ala’s al-Din al-Sirami (d. 790) who took fiqh from Jalal al-Din al-Karlani who took fiqh from `Abd al-’Aziz al-Bukhari (d. 730) [the author of Kashf al-Asrar, a manual of Usul al-Fiqh] who took fiqh from Hafiz al-Din Imam `Abd Allah ibn Ahmad al-Nasafi (d.701) who took fiqh from the Sun of Imams Muhammad ibn `Abd al-Sattar al-Kardari

Page 1 of 16 | Next page