Shah Bahauddin Naqshband

Adapted from al-Khani’s al-Bahja al-Saniyya

[This text is intended for Sufi students only]

Some qualities of the Way’s Imaam, the Rescue (Ghawth) of creation (in his age), the Godly Scholar, Temple of The Eternally Besought (Samad), Allah’s Argument over Gnostics and His Gift to the worlds, the reviver of the Master of Prophets’ Sunnah, refuge of the poor and needy (to Allah), source of the Siddeeqi secrets (pertaining to Abu Bakr al Siddeeq Radia’l Laahu `Anhu), center of Bistaami sciences, whose beginning is the end and whose end has no limit, Bahaa’u l-Haqq Wa’l Haqeeqah Wa’d Deen1, known as Shaah Naqshband, al Shaikh Muhammad al ‘Uwaysi al Bukhaari, may Allah Sanctify his innermost (soul) and Pour upon us and those treading (the Way) his spiritual abundance (fayd) and righteousness.

(Summarizing) from “Al Rashahaat2:

< His birth was in Muharram of the year 718 (Hijri) in the age of Khaajah `Ali al Raamitani, may Allah Mercy and Good-Pleasure be upon him, viewing that Khaajah `Ali’s decease was in the months of the year 721 (Hijri). His birth and decease was in Qasru’l `Aarifeen, a village one league (3 1/4 miles) away from Bukhaara. The traces of wilaayah3 and the lights of karaamah4 were apparent on his forehead since his childhood. His mother was reported to have said:

<<My son Bahaa’u d-Deen said, and he was four years old, {This cow will give birth to a calf, and its forehead will be white}, and after some months the cow gave birth as he said.>>

The Khaajah (Bahaa’u d-Deen) was among the accepted circle of Khaajah Muhammad al Baaba Sammaasi as previously mentioned (in “Al Rashahaat“), teaching of the manners of the Way to him was externally by al Ameer Kulaal but in reality he was ‘Uwaysi5, taught by the spirituality of Khaajah `Abdu’l Khaaliq al Ghujdawaani. And know that from the age of Khaajah Mahmood al Injeeri al Faghnawi quddisa sirruh till the age of al Ameer Kulaal quddisa sirruh, they used to gather for zhikr vocally (i.e. audible, not internal zhikr). When Khaajah Naqsh Band came, he quit the loud zhikr and chose the secret one because he was ordered by the spirituality of Khaajah `Abdu’l Khaaliq al Ghujdawaani to act according to `azeemah (firmness in religion) and avoid the rukhsah. So he avoided vocal zhikr to the point of going out from Ameer Kulaal’s session during the circle’s gathering for zhikr. This used to weigh heavy on his companions who would get jealous of him, but the Khaajah would not pay attention to them nor attempt to fix their (troubled) minds, yet he would not falter the least bit in serving or respecting the Ameer, and was submissive and compliant to his orders. As for the Ameer, he was attentive to him, his attention increasing daily. So (one day) several of his companions entered his seclusion and, out of envy, attributed some shortcoming to him (Khaajah Bahaa’u d-Deen). Al Ameer Kulaal answered nothing until his minor and eminent companions (about five hundred persons, as mentioned in “Al Rashahaat“) gathered one day to build a masjid. After finishing the building work they all gathered by the Ameer. He then turned toward those who had bad opinions of Khaajah Bahaa’u d-Deen and used to attribute shortcoming to him in the Ameer’s (presence) and told them:

<<You think this and this about Khaajah Bahaa’u d-Deen. All this thinking is erroneous and incorrect: Allah Ta`aala Has Accepted him but you did not know it, and my care and attention are (but) subsequent to His Acceptance, Most Eminent (is He).>>

After these words, he asked for Khaajah Bahaa’u d-Deen who was carrying brick for the building. When he came he turned to him and said:

<<My son, I have performed the will of Khaajah Muhammad Baaba al Sammaasi concerning you>>

he pointed to his breasts and said:

<<My breasts have dried in bringing you up, but your aptitude is high and strong. So I have permitted you to go in the Kingdom: If you find shaikhs, ask them (spiritual education) according to your aptitude.>>

Khaajah Naqshband said, may Allah Ta`aala’s Mercy be upon him:

<<These words from the Ameer were the cause for my trial (for, was I in the normal relationship of following to my shaikh, I would have been farther from trial and nearer to safety6).>>

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